PMSP for Christmas Tree Production in NC, TN, and VA

Source

TypePMSPs
Date05/17/2004
PDFhttps://ipmdata.ipmcenters.org/documents/pmsps/NCTNVAChristmasTree.pdf
SettingChristmas Trees
StateNorth Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Contact
Contributors

Settings/Crops



Executive Summary




Background





Priorities

Category Rank Pest Type Pest Crop Stage Date Priority
Extension/Outreach 1 2003 Hold educational workshops and demonstration plots with growers and technical representatives as new products are developed
Extension/Outreach 1 All Pest Types 2003 Need grafting workshops to teach growers how to graft trees with Phytophthora-resistant root stock.
Extension/Outreach 1 Insects 2003 Need grating workshops to teach growers how to graft trees with Phytophthora-resistant root stock.
Extension/Outreach 2 2003 Improve weed and ground cover management guidelines
Extension/Outreach 2 All Pest Types 2003 Need outreach to growers. Need outreach personnel to work with growers in the states (perhaps multi-state or regional personnel). A major problem in the states is the loss of Extension agents and specialists to state budget cuts in recent years. Need the transfer of university research to growers. Need agents in field to deliver information to growers. A “proactive” pest management program is needed
Extension/Outreach 3 All Pest Types 2003 Need outreach to growers. Need outreach personnel to work with growers in the states (perhaps multi-state or regional personnel). A major problem in the states is the loss of Extension agents and specialists to state budget cuts in recent years. Need the transfer of university research to growers. Need agents in field to deliver information to growers. A “proactive” pest management program is needed to answer the following questions: How to raise a good healthy tree? What are the optimal conditions and cultural methods? Comments: Need specific research for location and species. Much of the income for Christmas tree growers include operations popping up around urban areas (choose and cut). Reduced pesticide use appeals to consumers.
Extension/Outreach 4 All Pest Types 2003 Increase adoption of scouting and other Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices by growers.
Extension/Outreach 5 All Pest Types 2003 Train professional scouts (e.g., conduct scouting workshops).
Extension/Outreach 6 All Pest Types 2003 Provide timely pest management information (e.g., Pest Alerts) to warn growers of potential pest problems.
Extension/Outreach 7 All Pest Types 2003 Multi-lingual programs for Hispanic farm workers to teach them to scout for pests.
Extension/Outreach 8 All Pest Types 2003 Publish research (for growers via Extension publications) on nitrogen study and rotation of trees. Also, publish research for the study on rooting of cuttings.
Regulatory 1 2003 Expand label definition of a Christmas tree to include herbicides registered for field-grown nursery crops
Regulatory 1 All Pest Types 2003 Need to register lindane for balsam woolly adelgids as the pyrethroid insecticides contribute to mite problems and lindane has a longer residual. Is this a possible IR-4 project?
Regulatory 1 Insects 2003 Efforts to inventory nurseries to determine if Phytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Decline) is already present and try to prevent it from being introduced to North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.
Regulatory 1 Weeds 2003 Adjust hunting seasons and bag limits to control deer in areas to manage populations and reduce damage to crops.
Regulatory 2 All Pest Types 2003 Need IR-4 or other projects to expand labels. Example: Petition the IR-4 project to establish a label for lindane for Balsam wooly aphid control. Keep Di-Syston and dimethoate for Balsam wooly aphid (invasive species), and others. There is an issue with hemlock rust mite coming in behind and increasing pesticide applications. This would reduce applications of pyrethroid insecticides. Lindane has longer residual effect. The balsam woolly adelgid needs to be declared an invasive species.
Regulatory 2 Weeds 2003 Regulatory needs to be more cautious when considering the reintroduction of species like the elk into North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. Growers are worried about adding larger “grazers” to their crops. Will this impact Christmas tree production?
Regulatory 3 All Pest Types 2003 Regulatory need to clarify and develop a solution to the loss of the ASAE Standard for enclosed cabs and pesticide exposure. This is a critical issue to protecting applicators from exposure to pesticides. Loss of standard may force inspectors to cite growers -- growers not aware or have no options to past standard.
Regulatory 4 All Pest Types 2003 State Lead Agency’s need to clarify label enforcement resulting from interpretation of label language. Currently there are variations between states on labels and how the wording on sites is interpreted (i.e., Christmas trees versus general ornamentals).
Regulatory 5 All Pest Types 2003 Need alternative to S-metolachlor (Pennant Magnum).
Regulatory 6 All Pest Types 2003 The loss of methyl bromide for the control of all pests in nursery stock will be problematic. A regulatory solution needs to be sought.
Regulatory 7 All Pest Types 2003 Efforts to inventory nurseries to determine if Phytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Decline) is already present and try to prevent it from being introduced to North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. This holds for all exotic pests and diseases. Gypsy moth will produce a major problem with quarantines. Other examples exist.
Regulatory 8 All Pest Types 2003 Adjust hunting seasons and bag limits to control deer in areas to manage populations and reduce damage to crops.
Regulatory 9 All Pest Types 2003 Regulatory needs to be more cautious when considering the reintroduction of species like the elk into North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. Growers are worried about adding larger “grazers” to their crops. Will this impact Christmas tree production?
Research 1 2003 Yellow nutsedge control in conifer nurseries
Research 1 All Pest Types 2003 Need research to determine host plant resistance to and chemical control of balsam woolly adelgids.
Research 1 Insects 2003 Need to support research on Phytophthora root rot management (i.e., genetic selection of trees, resistant stock, and grafting root stock as an alternative).
Research 1 Weeds 2003 Need research to determine the most economical methods of deer management, including finding economical repellents, the most easily disseminated repellents, wider and more efficacious repellents, and other solutions. More research needed on fencing and related means to exclude deer.
Research 2 2003 Evaluate various application techniques and equipment
Research 2 All Pest Types 2003 Need to support research on Phytophthora root rot management (i.e., genetic selection of trees, resistant stock, and grafting root stock as an alternative).
Research 2 Insects 2003 Develop methods to control spread and/or fungus of Phytophthora root rot.
Research 3 2003 Evaluate alternative control methods such as biological controls, cover crops, etc.
Research 3 All Pest Types 2003 Need research into yellow nutsedge control in seedbeds and transplant beds.
Research 3 Insects 2003 Develop methods to measure Phytophthora levels in soils (sampling methods that would allow growers to determine potential levels of infestation).
Research 4 2003 Dayflower (Commelina spp.) control in conifer nurseries
Research 4 All Pest Types 2003 Need additional herbicides for weed control in seedbeds and transplant beds (alternatives to Goal).
Research 5 2003 Birdweed control options in established trees
Research 5 All Pest Types 2003 Need alternatives to methyl bromide for fumigation of seedbeds and transplant beds.
Research 6 All Pest Types 2003 Need controls for pales weevil in white pine to avoid transfer of Procerum root disease. Only registered pesticides presently are Lorsban (chloropyrifos) and Asana.
Research 7 All Pest Types 2003 Need alternative to dimethoate for control of rosette bud mite and for hemlock rust mite, balsam woolly adelgid, and spruce spider mite control
Research 8 All Pest Types 2003 Determine effects of groundcover management systems (optimal) to promote the best habitat to keep predators in the fields.
Research 9 All Pest Types 2003 Develop methods to control spread and/or fungus of Phytophthora root rot.
Research 10 All Pest Types 2003 Develop methods to measure Phytophthora levels in soils (sampling methods that would allow growers to determine potential levels of infestation).
Research 11 All Pest Types 2003 Increase knowledge of the biology/life cycles of the elongated hemlock scale and root aphid.
Research 12 All Pest Types 2003 Need research to determine the most economical methods of deer management, including finding economical repellents, the most easily disseminated repellents, wider and more efficacious repellents, and other solutions. More research needed on fencing and related means to exclude deer.
Research 13 All Pest Types 2003 Need research to determine risks to growers from using enclosed cabs to avoid pesticide exposure and solutions to determining which enclosed cab systems are adequate to protect growers from exposure in enclosed cabs. This stems from the recent loss of the ASAE Standard for Enclosed Cabs and pesticide exposure.
Research 14 All Pest Types 2003 Need adaptation of equipment or design of new equipment to use more efficacious and environmentally sound chemical application. In Virginia, growers receive a tax credit to adapt or purchase application equipment and related engineering technology that reduce pollution from pesticides and fertilizers.
Research 15 All Pest Types 2003 Need research into application technology to promote low volume applications and mechanization beyond present technology of backpack sprayers.
Research 16 All Pest Types 2003 Considerable research is needed with fertilization and tree mortality. Site information versus pest management. Identify the cultural practices that will speed up the amount of time to raise a tree to market and reduce pest management requirements. Solution to answer the following questions: How to raise a good healthy tree? What are the optimal conditions and cultural methods? Comments: Need specific research for location and species. Much of the income for Christmas tree growers include operations popping up around urban areas (choose and cut). Reduced pesticide use appeals to consumers.

Production Facts

Production Year
US Rank
% US Acres
Acres Planted
Acres Harvested
Growers
Production
Production Costs/Acre
Natl Avg/Acre
State Avg/Acre
Per Acre Value
Production Value
Price
References

Worker Activities

Production Counties

Production Practices

IPM Practices

Pollinator Protection

Pests


bagworm (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis)
Controls:
Balsam twig aphids (Mindarus abietinus)
Controls:
Balsam woolly adelgids (Adelges piceae)
Controls:
Black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus)
Controls:
blackheaded pine sawfly (Neodiprion excitans)
Controls:
Cinara aphids (Cinara spp.)
Controls:
Eastern spruce gall adelgids (Adelges abietis)
Controls:
Elongate hemlock scale (Fiorinia externa)
Controls:
Hemlock rust mites (Nalepella tsugifoliae)
Controls:
Introduced Pine Sawfly (Diprion similis)
Controls:
Pales Weevil (Hylobius pales)
Controls:
Pine bark adelgids (Pineus strobi)
Controls:
Pine Root Collar Weevil (Hylobius radicis)
Controls:
Pine sawflies ( )
Controls:
Redheaded Pine Sawfly (Neodiprion lecontei)
Controls:
Root aphids (Prociphilus americanus)
Controls:
Rosette bud mites (Trisetacus fraseri)
Controls:
scarabs or scarab beetles ( )
Controls:
Spruce spider mites (Oligonychus ununguis)
Controls:
Weevils ( )
Controls:
White pine Weevil (Pissodes strobi)
Controls:

Annosum root rot (Heterobasidion annosum)
Controls:
Cedar apple rust (Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae)
Controls:
damping off ( )
Controls:
Diplodia ( )
Controls:
Diplodia blight (Sphaeropsis sapinea)
Controls:
Diplodia tip blights (Diplodia spp.)
Controls:
Fern-fir rust ( )
Controls:
Gray Mold (Botrytis cinerea)
Controls:
Needle cast ( )
Controls:
Needle rust ( )
Controls:
Nematodes ( )
Controls:
Phytophthora Root Rot ( )
Controls:
Pine oak gall rust (Cronartium quercuum)
Controls:
sooty mold (general)
Controls:

Aster (Aster spp.)
Controls:
Bindweed ( )
Controls:
Bittersweet ( )
Controls:
Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
Controls:
Brambles / Briars ( )
Controls:
Buckwheat ( )
Controls:
Canadian horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)
Controls:
Catchweed Bedstraw (Galium aparine)
Controls:
Cocklebur ( )
Controls:
Dayflower (Commelina spp.)
Controls:
Eveningprimrose (Oenothera spp.)
Controls:
fall panicum (Panicum dichotomiflorum)
Controls:
foxtail (Alopecurus spp.)
Controls:
Goldenrod (Solidago spp.)
Controls:
Hardwood Sprouts ( )
Controls:
Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis)
Controls:
Knapweed ( )
Controls:
knotweed (Polygonum spp.)
Controls:
Lambsquarters (Chenopodium album)
Controls:
morning-glory (Ipomoea spp.)
Controls:
Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)
Controls:
Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata)
Controls:
pigweed (Amaranthus spp.)
Controls:
Poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Controls:
Pokeweed ( )
Controls:
Quackgrass (Elymus repens)
Controls:
Ragweed ( )
Controls:
smartweed (Persicaria spp.)
Controls:
Smartweed, Ladysthumb ( )
Controls:
Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea)
Controls:
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) ( )
Controls:
Vetch ( )
Controls:
Woody Vines ( )
Controls:
Yellow Nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus)
Controls:

No Data

Bears (Ursus spp.)
Controls:
Birds
Controls:
desmans, moles, shrew-moles
Controls:
Groundhogs (Marmota monax)
Controls:
meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus)
Controls:
pine vole (Microtus pinetorum)
Controls:
Rabbits ( )
Controls:
rat, vole, mouse
Controls:
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Controls:

Beneficials

Biological Controls

Cultural Controls

Physical Controls

Chemical Controls

Active Ingredient CAS PC Pests REI (hrs) PHI (days) Description IPM Resistance
2,4-d 0
4-aminopyridine 504-24-5 69201
Abamectin 71751-41-2 122804
Acephate 30560-19-1 103301
Ammonium Soaps of fatty acids 84776-33-0 31801
Arsenal 81334-34-1 128821
Atrazine 1912-24-9 80803
Basamid-fluid 137-42-8 39003
Beauveria Bassiana atcc 74040 Unknown 128818
Bentazon 50723-80-3 275200
Bifenazate 149877-41-8 586
Bifenthrin 83322-02-5 128825
Carbaryl 63-25-2 56801
Chlorophacinone 3691-35-8 67707
Chloropicrin 76-06-2 81501
Chlorothalonil 1897-45-6 81901
Chlorpyrifos 2921-88-2 59101
Cinnamaldehyde 104-55-2 40506
Clethodim 99129-21-2 121011
Clofentezine 74115-24-5 125501
Clopyralid 1702-17-6 117403
Cyfluthrin 68359-37-5 128831
Diazinon 59928-80-2 57801
Dicofol 115-32-2 10501
Diflubenzuron 35367-38-5 108201
Dimethenamid 87674-68-8 129051
Dimethoate 60-51-5 35001
Diphacinone 82-66-6 67701
Disulfoton 298-04-4 32501
Endosulfan 115-29-7 79401
Esfenvalerate 66323-04-4 109303
Etoxazole 153233-91-1 107091
Fenpyroximate 134098-61-6 129131
Fluazifop 69806-50-4 122805
Fluazifop-butyl 69806-50-4 122805
Flumioxazin 141490-50-8 129034
Fosetyl-al 39148-24-8 123301
Gliocladium Catenulatum strain j1446 Unknown 21009
Glyphosate 1071-83-6 417300
Halofenozide 112226-61-6 121026
Harpin Protein 151438-54-9 6477
Hexythiazox 78587-05-0 128849
Imidacloprid 138261-41-3 129099
Isazophos 0
Isoxaben 82558-50-7 125851
Lindane 58-89-9 9001
Liquid Sulfur 6 7704-34-9 77501
Malathion (no Inert use) 121-75-5 57701
Mefenoxam 70630-17-0 113502
Metam-sodium 137-42-8 39003
Metasystox-r 301-12-2 58702
Methyl Bromide (no inert use) 74-83-9 53201
Methyl Iodide 74-88-4 11
Myclobutanil 88671-89-0 128857
Napropamide 15299-99-7 103001
Neem Oil 0
Oils, Horticultural 0
Oryzalin 19044-88-3 104201
Oust Herbicide 74222-97-2 122001
Oxadiazon 19666-30-9 109001
Oxydemeton-methyl 301-12-2 58702
Oxyfluorfen 42874-03-3 111601
Oxythioquinox 2439-01-2 54101
Pendimethalin 40487-42-1 108501
Permethrin 52645-53-1 109701
Prodiamine 29091-21-2 110201
Pronamide 23950-58-5 101701
Propargite 2312-35-8 97601
Pymetrozine 123312-89-0 101103
Pyridaben 96489-71-3 129105
Qst 713 Strain of bacillus subtilis Unknown 6479
S-metolachlor 87392-12-9 108800
Sethoxydim 74051-80-2 121001
Sevin 63-25-2 56801
Simazine 39312-80-6 80807
Soap 90990-14-0 79009
Spinosad 168316-95-8 110003
Sulfur 7704-34-9 77501
Tebufenozide 112410-23-8 129026
Thiamethoxam 153719-23-4 60109
Thiophanate-methyl 23564-05-8 102001
Triadimefon 43121-43-3 109901
Triazamate 112143-82-5 128100
Trichlorfon 52-68-6 57901
Triclopyr 55335-06-3 116001
Trifluralin 1582-09-8 36101
Zinc Phosphide (zn3p2) 1314-84-7 88601

Efficacy

Pest Management
Tool
PC Code CAS Efficacy
Code
Comment
Annosum root rot Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Fair, 60-80%
Annosum root rot Methyl Bromide +Chloropicrin Excellent, 90-100%
Annosum root rot Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Poor, 25-60%
Annosum root rot Scouting trees for presence of diseases Good, 80-90%
Annosum root rot Site preparation (not removing stumps) Excellent, 90-100%
Annosum root rot site selection & preparation Excellent, 90-100%
Annosum root rot thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Fair, 60-80%
Aster Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Aster Excellent, 90-100%
Aster Excellent, 90-100%
Aster 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Aster 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Aster Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Aster Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Aster Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Aster flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Aster flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Aster glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Aster Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Aster Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Aster MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Aster Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Aster Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Aster Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Aster Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Aster oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Aster Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Aster pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Aster pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Aster S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Aster Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Aster triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Aster trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Aster Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
bagworm Acephate 103301 30560-19-1 Good, 80-90%
bagworm Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm cinnamaldehyde 40506 104-55-2
bagworm cyfluthrin 128831 68359-37-5 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm diflubenzuron 108201 35367-38-5 Fair, 60-80%
bagworm dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90%
bagworm Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Excellent, more research needed
bagworm Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Good, 80-90%
bagworm Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm insecticidal soap Good, 80-90%
bagworm lindane 9001 58-89-9 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm malathion 57701 121-75-5 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm Prune or remove pests by hand Good, 80-90%
bagworm Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
bagworm spinosad 110003 168316-95-8 Excellent, 90-100%
bagworm Tebufenozide 129026 112410-23-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam twig aphids Acephate 103301 30560-19-1 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Beauveria bassiana Poor, 25-60%
Balsam twig aphids Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids cinnamaldehyde 40506 104-55-2 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Excellent, 90-100% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Disulfoton 32501 298-04-4 Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam twig aphids Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam twig aphids Harmonia lady beetles and other native lady beetles Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam twig aphids Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Good, 80-90% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soil
Balsam twig aphids Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Good, 80-90% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soil
Balsam twig aphids insecticidal soap Good, 80-90% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soil
Balsam twig aphids Manage ground covers to harbor natural predators Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam twig aphids Neem oil extract Good, 80-90%
Balsam twig aphids permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Good, 80-90% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soi
Balsam twig aphids pymetrozine 101103 123312-89-0 Fair, 60-80% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soil
Balsam twig aphids Remove and destroy immature cones Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam twig aphids Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Fair, 60-80%
Balsam twig aphids Sulfur 77501 7704-34-9 Poor, 25-60% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soi
Balsam twig aphids syrphid (hover) fly larvae Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam twig aphids triazamate 128100 112143-82-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam woolly adelgids Beauveria bassiana Poor, 25-60%
Balsam woolly adelgids Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Good, 80-90%
Balsam woolly adelgids Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Good, 80-90% Only used in winter months when eggs are not present.
Balsam woolly adelgids cinnamaldehyde 40506 104-55-2 Poor, 25-60%
Balsam woolly adelgids Cull/destroy trees Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam woolly adelgids Don’t interplant young trees with older trees Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam woolly adelgids Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Good, 80-90%
Balsam woolly adelgids Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Good, 80-90%
Balsam woolly adelgids Harmonia lady beetles and other native lady beetles Good, 80-90%
Balsam woolly adelgids Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Fair, 60-80% Only used in winter months when eggs are not present.
Balsam woolly adelgids Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Poor, 25-60%
Balsam woolly adelgids insecticidal soap Good, 80-90% Product may work well, but short treatment window does not allow for the length of application.
Balsam woolly adelgids lindane 9001 58-89-9 Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam woolly adelgids Oxydemeton methyl Fair, 60-80%
Balsam woolly adelgids Oxydemeton methyl Good, 80-90% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soil
Balsam woolly adelgids permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Good, 80-90%
Balsam woolly adelgids pymetrozine 101103 123312-89-0 Poor, 25-60%
Balsam woolly adelgids Remove yard trees or other trees that cannot be treated chemically Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam woolly adelgids Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Excellent, 90-100%
Balsam woolly adelgids syrphid (hover) fly larvae Fair, 60-80%
Bears Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Bears Ground cover management Poor, 25-60%
Bears Legal hunting Excellent, 90-100%
Bears Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Bears Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Bears Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Poor, 25-60%
Bears Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
Bears Trapping Good, 80-90%
Bindweed Excellent, 90-100%
Bindweed Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Bindweed 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Bindweed 2,4-D + triclopyr Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Bindweed Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Bindweed bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bindweed dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Bindweed Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Bindweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bindweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Bindweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Bindweed Herbicide suppression Good, 80-90%
Bindweed Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Bindweed Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Bindweed Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Bindweed Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Bindweed Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bindweed Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bindweed S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Bindweed triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Bindweed trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bindweed Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Birds Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Birds Ground cover management Poor, 25-60%
Birds Legal hunting Poor, 25-60%
Birds Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Birds Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Birds Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Poor, 25-60%
Birds Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
Birds Repelling pests through use of putrescent chemical repellents Good, 80-90%
Birds Trapping Poor, 25-60%
Bittersweet Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bittersweet Excellent, 90-100%
Bittersweet 2,4-D 0 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Bittersweet 2,4-D + triclopyr Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Bittersweet Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Bittersweet bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bittersweet dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Bittersweet Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Bittersweet flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bittersweet flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bittersweet glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Post-emergent
Bittersweet Herbicide suppression Poor, 25-60%
Bittersweet Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Bittersweet Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Bittersweet Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Bittersweet Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Bittersweet Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bittersweet Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Bittersweet S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Bittersweet triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Bittersweet trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Bittersweet Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Black Locust Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Black Locust Fair, 60-80%
Black Locust Excellent, 90-100%
Black Locust 2,4-D 0 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Black Locust 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Black Locust Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Black Locust bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Black Locust dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Black Locust Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Black Locust flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Black Locust flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Black Locust glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Black Locust MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Black Locust Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Black Locust Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Black Locust Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Black Locust Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Black Locust Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Black Locust S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Black Locust triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Black Locust trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Black Locust Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Brambles / Briars Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars Excellent, 90-100%
Brambles / Briars Poor, 25-60%
Brambles / Briars 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Brambles / Briars Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Brambles / Briars flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Brambles / Briars Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Brambles / Briars Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Brambles / Briars Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 registered and/or considered effective Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Brambles / Briars triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Brambles / Briars trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Brambles / Briars Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Buckwheat Excellent, 90-100%
Buckwheat Excellent, 90-100%
Buckwheat Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Buckwheat 2,4-D 0 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat Fabric Mulches Good, 80-90%
Buckwheat glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat Herbicide suppression Good, 80-90%
Buckwheat Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Buckwheat Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Buckwheat Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Buckwheat Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Buckwheat pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Buckwheat pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Buckwheat S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Buckwheat Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Buckwheat triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Buckwheat trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Buckwheat Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Marestail/Horseweed Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Excellent, 90-100%
Marestail/Horseweed Excellent, 90-100%
Marestail/Horseweed 2,4-D 0 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Marestail/Horseweed Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Marestail/Horseweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Marestail/Horseweed Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Marestail/Horseweed Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Marestail/Horseweed Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Sown groundcover Excellent, 90-100%
Marestail/Horseweed triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Marestail/Horseweed Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Catchweed Bedstraw Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Excellent, 90-100%
Catchweed Bedstraw Excellent, 90-100%
Catchweed Bedstraw 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Catchweed Bedstraw flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Herbicide suppression Fair, 60-80%
Catchweed Bedstraw Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Catchweed Bedstraw Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Catchweed Bedstraw Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 not registered and/or not effective Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Sown groundcover Excellent, 90-100%
Catchweed Bedstraw triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Catchweed Bedstraw Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Cedar apple rust Site preparation (not removing stumps) Not Stand Alone
Cedar apple rust site selection & preparation Not Stand Alone Eastern red cedar
Cinara aphids Acephate 103301 30560-19-1 Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Fair, 60-80%
Cinara aphids dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids Disulfoton 32501 298-04-4 Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Harmonia lady beetles and other native lady beetles Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids insecticidal soap Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids lindane 9001 58-89-9 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids malathion 57701 121-75-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Oxydemeton methyl Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids pymetrozine 101103 123312-89-0 Excellent, 90-100%
Cinara aphids Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
Cinara aphids syrphid (hover) fly larvae Good, 80-90%
Cocklebur Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Cocklebur Excellent, 90-100%
Cocklebur Poor, 25-60%
Cocklebur 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Cocklebur 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Cocklebur Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Cocklebur Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Cocklebur bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Cocklebur dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Cocklebur Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Cocklebur flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Cocklebur glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Cocklebur Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Cocklebur MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Cocklebur Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Cocklebur Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Cocklebur Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Cocklebur Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Cocklebur oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Cocklebur oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Cocklebur Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Cocklebur prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Cocklebur pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Cocklebur pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Cocklebur S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Cocklebur triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Cocklebur trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Cocklebur Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
damping off Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Fair, 60-80%
damping off disease-free planting material Excellent, 90-100%
damping off Fosetyl-Al 123301 39148-24-8 Excellent, 90-100%
damping off Gliocladium catenulatum Strain J1446 21009 Unknown Good, 80-90%
damping off mefenoxam ( Excellent, 90-100%
damping off Methyl Bromide +Chloropicrin Excellent, 90-100%
damping off QST 713 Poor, 25-60%
damping off Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Fair, 60-80%
damping off Scouting trees for presence of diseases Good, 80-90%
damping off site selection & preparation Excellent, 90-100%
damping off thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Dayflower Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Dayflower 2,4-D 0 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Dayflower 2,4-D + triclopyr Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Dayflower Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Dayflower bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Dayflower dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor to Fair
Dayflower Fabric Mulches Good, 80-90%
Dayflower flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Dayflower glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 not registered and/or not effective Post-emergent
Dayflower glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Dayflower Herbicide suppression Poor, 25-60%
Dayflower Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Dayflower Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Dayflower Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Dayflower Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Dayflower Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Dayflower oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Dayflower Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Dayflower pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Dayflower Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Dayflower triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Dayflower trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Dayflower Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Moles Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Moles Legal hunting Poor, 25-60%
Moles Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Moles Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Moles Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Fair, 60-80%
Moles Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
Moles Repelling pests through use of putrescent chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Moles Trapping Fair, 60-80%
Diplodia Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Excellent, 90-100% Scotch pine
Diplodia Ground cover management Not Stand Alone Scotch pine
Diplodia myclobutanil 128857 88671-89-0 Excellent, 90-100% Scotch pine
Diplodia Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Not Stand Alone Scotch pine
Diplodia Scouting trees for presence of diseases Good, 80-90%
Diplodia site selection & preparation Good, 80-90%
Diplodia thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Scotch pine
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Good, 80-90%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids insecticidal soap Good, 80-90%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids lindane 9001 58-89-9 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids malathion 57701 121-75-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Excellent, 90-100%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Prune or remove pests by hand Good, 80-90%
Eastern spruce gall adelgids Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
Elongate hemlock scale Aspidiotiphagus citrinus(aphelinid parasitoid) Good, 80-90%
Elongate hemlock scale Cull/destroy trees Excellent, 90-100%
Elongate hemlock scale dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90%
Elongate hemlock scale lindane 9001 58-89-9 Good, 80-90%
Elongate hemlock scale Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
Elongate hemlock scale twice stabbed lady beetles Good, 80-90%
Eveningprimrose Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose Poor, 25-60%
Eveningprimrose Excellent, 90-100%
Eveningprimrose 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Eveningprimrose flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose Herbicide suppression Good, 80-90%
Eveningprimrose Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Eveningprimrose Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Eveningprimrose Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Eveningprimrose triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Eveningprimrose trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Eveningprimrose Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
fall panicum Excellent, 90-100%
fall panicum Excellent, 90-100%
fall panicum 2,4-D 0 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
fall panicum 2,4-D + triclopyr Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
fall panicum Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
fall panicum Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
fall panicum Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
fall panicum dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Good, 80-90%
fall panicum Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
fall panicum fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
fall panicum flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
fall panicum flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
fall panicum glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
fall panicum glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
fall panicum Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
fall panicum Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
fall panicum MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
fall panicum Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
fall panicum Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
fall panicum Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
fall panicum Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
fall panicum Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
fall panicum oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
fall panicum oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
fall panicum oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor to Fair Post-emergent
fall panicum Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
fall panicum prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
fall panicum pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
fall panicum pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
fall panicum sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
fall panicum S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
fall panicum Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
fall panicum trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
fall panicum Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Fern-fir rust Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Fair, 60-80%
Fern-fir rust Gliocladium catenulatum Strain J1446 21009 Unknown Poor, 25-60%
Fern-fir rust Harpin Protein 6477 151438-54-9 Poor, 25-60%
Fern-fir rust QST 713 Poor, 25-60%
Fern-fir rust Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Fair, 60-80%
Fern-fir rust Scouting trees for presence of diseases Excellent, 90-100%
Fern-fir rust Site preparation (not removing stumps) Not Stand Alone
Fern-fir rust thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Foxtail Excellent, 90-100%
Foxtail Excellent, 90-100%
Foxtail 2,4-D 0 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Foxtail 2,4-D + triclopyr Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Foxtail Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Foxtail Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Foxtail Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Foxtail dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Good, 80-90%
Foxtail Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Foxtail fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Foxtail flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Foxtail flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Foxtail glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Foxtail glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Foxtail Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Foxtail Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Foxtail MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Foxtail Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Foxtail Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Foxtail Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Foxtail Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Foxtail Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Foxtail oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Foxtail oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Foxtail oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Foxtail Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Foxtail prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Foxtail pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Foxtail pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Foxtail sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Foxtail S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Foxtail Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Foxtail trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Foxtail Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Goldenrod Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Goldenrod Excellent, 90-100%
Goldenrod Excellent, 90-100%
Goldenrod 2,4-D 0 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Goldenrod 2,4-D + triclopyr Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Goldenrod Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Goldenrod bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Goldenrod dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Goldenrod Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Goldenrod flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Goldenrod flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Goldenrod glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Goldenrod Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Goldenrod Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Goldenrod Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Goldenrod Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Goldenrod Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Goldenrod Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Goldenrod Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Goldenrod pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Goldenrod S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Goldenrod triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Goldenrod trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Goldenrod Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Gray Mold Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Good, 80-90%
Gray Mold Harpin Protein 6477 151438-54-9 Poor, 25-60%
Gray Mold QST 713 Good, 80-90%
Gray Mold Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Poor, 25-60%
Gray Mold Scouting trees for presence of diseases Excellent, 90-100%
Gray Mold site selection & preparation Good, 80-90%
Gray Mold thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Poor to Excellent, 25-100%
Groundhogs Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Groundhogs Ground cover management Poor, 25-60%
Groundhogs Legal hunting Good, 80-90%
Groundhogs Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Groundhogs Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Groundhogs Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Fair, 60-80%
Groundhogs Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
Groundhogs Repelling pests through use of putrescent chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Groundhogs Trapping Good, 80-90%
Hardwood Sprouts Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Good, 80-90%
Hardwood Sprouts Excellent, 90-100%
Hardwood Sprouts 2,4-D 0 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Hardwood Sprouts Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Hardwood Sprouts flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Herbicide suppression Poor, 25-60%
Hardwood Sprouts Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Hardwood Sprouts Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Hardwood Sprouts Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Hardwood Sprouts triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Hardwood Sprouts Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Hemlock rust mites Bifenazate 586 149877-41-8 Poor, 25-60%
Hemlock rust mites Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Poor, 25-60%
Hemlock rust mites Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Good, 80-90%
Hemlock rust mites Dicofol 10501 115-32-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites diflubenzuron 108201 35367-38-5 Poor, 25-60%
Hemlock rust mites dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90%
Hemlock rust mites Disulfoton 32501 298-04-4 Fair, 60-80%
Hemlock rust mites Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7
Hemlock rust mites Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Poor, 25-60%
Hemlock rust mites Fenpyroximate 129131 134098-61-6 Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites insecticidal soap Fair, 60-80%
Hemlock rust mites lindane 9001 58-89-9 Good, 80-90%
Hemlock rust mites oxythioquinox 54101 2439-01-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Poor, 25-60%
Hemlock rust mites pyridaben 129105 96489-71-3 Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Excellent, 90-100%
Hemlock rust mites Sulfur 77501 7704-34-9 Excellent, 90-100%
Kentucky bluegrass Excellent, 90-100%
Kentucky bluegrass Excellent, 90-100%
Kentucky bluegrass 2,4-D 0 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass 2,4-D + triclopyr Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Kentucky bluegrass Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Kentucky bluegrass fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Kentucky bluegrass Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Kentucky bluegrass Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Kentucky bluegrass Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Kentucky bluegrass trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Kentucky bluegrass Use of mower and/or weed-eater Good, 80-90%
Knapweed Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Knapweed Good, 80-90%
Knapweed Excellent, 90-100%
Knapweed 2,4-D + triclopyr Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Knapweed Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Knapweed bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Knapweed Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Knapweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Knapweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Knapweed Herbicide suppression Fair, 60-80%
Knapweed MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Knapweed Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Knapweed Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Knapweed Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Knapweed Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Knapweed Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Knapweed Weevils Fair, 60-80%
Lambsquarters Excellent, 90-100%
Lambsquarters Excellent, 90-100%
Lambsquarters Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters 2,4-D 0 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor to Excellent, 25-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Lambsquarters Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Lambsquarters flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Lambsquarters Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Lambsquarters Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Lambsquarters Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters Sown groundcover Excellent, 90-100%
Lambsquarters triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Lambsquarters trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Lambsquarters Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) chlorophacinone 67707 3691-35-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) diphacinone 67701 82-66-6 Excellent, 90-100%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) Legal hunting Poor, 25-60%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) Trapping Fair, 60-80%
Meadow voles (meadow mice) Zinc Phosphide 88601 1314-84-7 Excellent, 90-100%
Morningglory Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Morningglory Excellent, 90-100%
Morningglory Excellent, 90-100%
Morningglory 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Morningglory 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Morningglory Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Morningglory Basamid fumigant Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Morningglory dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Morningglory Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Morningglory flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Morningglory flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Morningglory glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Morningglory glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Morningglory Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Morningglory Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Morningglory Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Morningglory Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Morningglory Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Morningglory Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Morningglory oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Morningglory oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Morningglory oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Morningglory Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Morningglory S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory Sown groundcover Excellent, 90-100%
Morningglory triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Morningglory trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Morningglory Use of mower and/or weed-eater Good, 80-90%
Mugwort Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Mugwort Excellent, 90-100%
Mugwort 2,4-D 0 Post-emergent
Mugwort 2,4-D + triclopyr Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Mugwort Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Mugwort bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Mugwort dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Mugwort Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Mugwort flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Mugwort flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Mugwort glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Mugwort Herbicide suppression Poor, 25-60%
Mugwort Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Mugwort Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Mugwort Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Mugwort Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor to Excellent, 25-100% pre-emergent
Mugwort Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Mugwort Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Mugwort Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Mugwort S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Mugwort triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Mugwort trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Mugwort Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Needle cast Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Excellent, 90-100%
Needle cast Harpin Protein 6477 151438-54-9 Fair, 60-80%
Needle cast QST 713 Fair, 60-80%
Needle cast Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Fair, 60-80%
Needle cast Scouting trees for presence of diseases Excellent, 90-100%
Needle cast site selection & preparation Good, 80-90%
Needle cast thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Good to Excellent, 80-100%
Needle rust Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Good, 80-90%
Needle rust Gliocladium catenulatum Strain J1446 21009 Unknown Poor, 25-60%
Needle rust Harpin Protein 6477 151438-54-9 Poor, 25-60%
Needle rust QST 713 Poor, 25-60%
Needle rust Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Fair, 60-80%
Needle rust Scouting trees for presence of diseases Excellent, 90-100%
Nematodes Control of aphids Excellent, 90-100%
Nematodes disease-free planting material Excellent, 90-100%
Nematodes Methyl Bromide +Chloropicrin Excellent, 90-100%
Nematodes Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Good, 80-90%
Nematodes Scouting trees for presence of diseases Good, 80-90%
Nematodes site selection & preparation Excellent, 90-100%
Orchardgrass Excellent, 90-100%
Orchardgrass Excellent, 90-100%
Orchardgrass 2,4-D 0 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass 2,4-D + triclopyr Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Orchardgrass Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Orchardgrass fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Not Used Post-emergent
Orchardgrass flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Orchardgrass Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Orchardgrass Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Orchardgrass Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Orchardgrass S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Orchardgrass trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Orchardgrass Use of mower and/or weed-eater Good, 80-90%
Phytophthora Root Rot disease-free planting material
Phytophthora Root Rot Fosetyl-Al 123301 39148-24-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Phytophthora Root Rot Gliocladium catenulatum Strain J1446 21009 Unknown Fair, 60-80%
Phytophthora Root Rot Ground cover management Fair to Good, 50-90% Not Stand Alone
Phytophthora Root Rot Harpin Protein 6477 151438-54-9 Fair, 60-80%
Phytophthora Root Rot mefenoxam ( Excellent, 90-100%
Phytophthora Root Rot Methyl Bromide +Chloropicrin Excellent, 90-100%
Phytophthora Root Rot Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Fair to Good, 50-90% Not Stand Alone
Phytophthora Root Rot Scouting trees for presence of diseases Poor to Good, 25-90% Not Stand Alone
Phytophthora Root Rot Site preparation (not removing stumps) Good to Excellent, 80-100% Not Stand Alone
Phytophthora Root Rot site selection & preparation
pigweed not registered and/or not effective Post-emergent
pigweed Excellent, 90-100%
pigweed Excellent, 90-100%
pigweed 2,4-D 0 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
pigweed 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
pigweed Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor to Excellent, 25-100% pre-emergent
pigweed Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
pigweed bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
pigweed dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Fair, 60-80%
pigweed Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
pigweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
pigweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
pigweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
pigweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
pigweed Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
pigweed Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
pigweed MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
pigweed Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
pigweed Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
pigweed Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
pigweed Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
pigweed Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
pigweed oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
pigweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
pigweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
pigweed Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
pigweed prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
pigweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
pigweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
pigweed S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
pigweed Sown groundcover Excellent, 90-100%
pigweed triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
pigweed trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
pigweed Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Pine bark adelgids Acephate 103301 30560-19-1 Fair, 60-80%
Pine bark adelgids Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Good, 80-90%
Pine bark adelgids Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Good, 80-90%
Pine bark adelgids dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90%
Pine bark adelgids Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Good, 80-90%
Pine bark adelgids Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Good, 80-90%
Pine bark adelgids insecticidal soap Good, 80-90%
Pine bark adelgids lindane 9001 58-89-9 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids malathion 57701 121-75-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids Oxydemeton methyl Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine bark adelgids Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Excellent, 90-100%
Pine oak gall rust Removal of disease-infested trees from fields Good, 80-90% Scotch/Virginia/Austrian pine
Pine oak gall rust Scouting trees for presence of diseases Good, 80-90% Scotch/Virginia/Austrian pine
Pine oak gall rust triadimefon 109901 43121-43-3 Fair to Good, 50-90% Scotch/Virginia/Austrian pine
Pine sawflies Acephate 103301 30560-19-1 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies cyfluthrin 128831 68359-37-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies malathion 57701 121-75-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine sawflies Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
Pine voles (orchard rats) chlorophacinone 67707 3691-35-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine voles (orchard rats) diphacinone 67701 82-66-6 Excellent, 90-100%
Pine voles (orchard rats) Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Pine voles (orchard rats) Legal hunting Poor, 25-60%
Pine voles (orchard rats) Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Pine voles (orchard rats) Trapping Fair, 60-80%
Pine voles (orchard rats) Zinc Phosphide 88601 1314-84-7 Excellent, 90-100%
Poison-ivy Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy Poor, 25-60%
Poison-ivy Excellent, 90-100%
Poison-ivy 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy Basamid fumigant Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Poison-ivy Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Poison-ivy flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy Herbicide suppression Fair, 60-80%
Poison-ivy Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy Metam sodium fumigant Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Poison-ivy Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Poison-ivy Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy Sown groundcover Poor, 25-60%
Poison-ivy triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Poison-ivy trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Poison-ivy Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Pokeweed Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Pokeweed Excellent, 90-100%
Pokeweed Excellent, 90-100%
Pokeweed 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Pokeweed 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Pokeweed Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Pokeweed Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Pokeweed bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Pokeweed dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Pokeweed Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Pokeweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Pokeweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Pokeweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Pokeweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Pokeweed Herbicide suppression Good, 80-90%
Pokeweed Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Pokeweed MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Pokeweed Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Pokeweed Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Pokeweed Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Pokeweed Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Pokeweed oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Pokeweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Pokeweed Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Pokeweed prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Pokeweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Pokeweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Pokeweed S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Pokeweed Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Pokeweed triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Pokeweed trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Pokeweed Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Quackgrass Excellent, 90-100%
Quackgrass Good, 80-90%
Quackgrass 2,4-D + triclopyr not registered and/or not effective Post-emergent
Quackgrass Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Quackgrass dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Quackgrass Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Quackgrass fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Quackgrass flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Quackgrass glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Quackgrass Herbicide suppression Fair, 60-80%
Quackgrass MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Quackgrass Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Quackgrass Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Quackgrass Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Quackgrass pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Quackgrass sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Quackgrass S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Quackgrass triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Quackgrass trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Quackgrass Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Rabbits Fencing Good, 80-90%
Rabbits Ground cover management Poor, 25-60%
Rabbits Legal hunting Fair, 60-80%
Rabbits Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Rabbits Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Rabbits Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Fair, 60-80%
Rabbits Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
Rabbits Repelling pests through use of putrescent chemical repellents Good, 80-90%
Rabbits Trapping Fair, 60-80%
Ragweed Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Ragweed Fair, 60-80%
Ragweed Excellent, 90-100%
Ragweed 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Ragweed 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Ragweed Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor to Excellent, 25-100% pre-emergent
Ragweed Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Ragweed bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Ragweed dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Ragweed Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Ragweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Ragweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Ragweed flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Ragweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Ragweed glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Ragweed Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Ragweed Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Ragweed MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Ragweed Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Ragweed Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Ragweed Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Ragweed Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Ragweed Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Ragweed oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Ragweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Ragweed oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Ragweed Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Ragweed prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Ragweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Ragweed pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Ragweed S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Ragweed Sown groundcover Excellent, 90-100%
Ragweed triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Ragweed trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Ragweed Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) chlorophacinone 67707 3691-35-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) diphacinone 67701 82-66-6 Excellent, 90-100%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Fencing Poor, 25-60%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Legal hunting Poor, 25-60%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Providing alternative food sources for pests to discourage their feeding on trees Poor, 25-60%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Fair, 60-80%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Repelling pests through use of putrescent chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Trapping Fair, 60-80%
Mice (field, deer and white-footed) Zinc Phosphide 88601 1314-84-7 Excellent, 90-100%
Root aphids Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Fair, 60-80%
Root aphids triazamate 128100 112143-82-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Rosette bud mites Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2
Rosette bud mites Cull/destroy trees Excellent, 90-100%
Rosette bud mites dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Rosette bud mites Don’t interplant young trees with older trees Excellent, 90-100%
Rosette bud mites Early harvest of trees Excellent, 90-100%
Rosette bud mites Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Poor, 25-60%
Rosette bud mites Maintain good fertility Excellent, 90-100%
Rosette bud mites Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
White grubs Acephate 103301 30560-19-1 Poor, 25-60%
White grubs Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Poor, 25-60%
White grubs Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Good, 80-90% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soi
White grubs Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Poor, 25-60%
White grubs halofenozide 121026 112226-61-6 Fair, 60-80%
White grubs Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Fair, 60-80%
White grubs isazophos 0 Excellent, 90-100%
White grubs Managed ground cover through chemical mowing instead of mowing to keep ground covers taller and uneven Good, 80-90%
White grubs Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
White grubs site selection & preparation
White grubs thiamethoxam 60109 153719-23-4 Fair to Good, 50-90%
White grubs trichlorfon 57901 52-68-6 Good, 80-90%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Excellent, 90-100%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Excellent, 90-100%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Excellent, 90-100%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Smartweed, Ladysthumb triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Smartweed, Ladysthumb Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Sooty mold Chlorothalonil 81901 1897-45-6 Good, 80-90%
Sooty mold Gliocladium catenulatum Strain J1446 21009 Unknown Poor, 25-60%
Sooty mold Harpin Protein 6477 151438-54-9 Poor, 25-60%
Sooty mold QST 713 Poor, 25-60%
Sooty mold thiofanate methyl 102001 23564-05-8 Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites Abamectin 122804 71751-41-2 Fair, 60-80%
Spruce spider mites Bifenazate 586 149877-41-8 Poor to Fair, 25-80%
Spruce spider mites Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 used, but not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Poor, 25-60% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2 Good, 80-90% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites cinnamaldehyde 40506 104-55-2 Poor, 25-60%
Spruce spider mites Clofentezine 125501 74115-24-5 Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Good, 80-90% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Dicofol 10501 115-32-2 Excellent, 90-100% Product works well when it can be incorporated into the soi
Spruce spider mites dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Disulfoton 32501 298-04-4 Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Good, 80-90% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Fair, 60-80% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Harmonia lady beetles and other native lady beetles Good, 80-90%
Spruce spider mites Hexythiazox 128849 78587-05-0 not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Horticultural oils (e.g. stylet oil) Fair, 60-80%
Spruce spider mites insecticidal soap Fair, 60-80%
Spruce spider mites Manage ground covers to harbor natural predators Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites Oxydemeton methyl Good, 80-90% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites oxythioquinox 54101 2439-01-2 Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Good, 80-90% not a stand alone tool.
Spruce spider mites Predatory mites * Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites pyridaben 129105 96489-71-3
Spruce spider mites Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites Site selection to avoid warmer and dryer conditions that promotespruce spider mites Excellent, 90-100%
Spruce spider mites Sulfur 77501 7704-34-9 Poor, 25-60%
Spruce spider mites syrphid (hover) fly larvae Good, 80-90%
Tall fescue Excellent, 90-100%
Tall fescue Excellent, 90-100%
Tall fescue 2,4-D + triclopyr Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Tall fescue Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Tall fescue dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Tall fescue Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Tall fescue fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Tall fescue flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Tall fescue glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Tall fescue Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Tall fescue Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Tall fescue Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Tall fescue Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Tall fescue Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 pre-emergent
Tall fescue prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Tall fescue pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Tall fescue sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Tall fescue S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Tall fescue triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Tall fescue trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Tall fescue Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Poor, 25-60%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Excellent, 90-100%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) 2,4-D 0 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor to Fair Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Thistles (bull,musk,plumeless) Weevils Fair, 60-80%
Vetch Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Vetch Excellent, 90-100%
Vetch Excellent, 90-100%
Vetch 2,4-D 0 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Vetch 2,4-D + triclopyr Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Vetch Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Vetch Basamid fumigant Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Vetch Fabric Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Vetch Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Vetch flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Vetch glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Vetch glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Vetch Herbicide suppression Excellent, 90-100%
Vetch Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Vetch Metam sodium fumigant Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Vetch Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Vetch Organic Mulches Fair, 60-80%
Vetch Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Vetch oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Vetch oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Vetch oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Vetch Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Vetch S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Vetch Sown groundcover Good, 80-90%
Vetch triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Vetch trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Vetch Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Vetch Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Weevils Bifenthrin 128825 83322-02-5 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Carbaryl 56801 63-25-2 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Chlorpyrifos 59101 2921-88-2
Weevils Diazinon 57801 59928-80-2 Good, 80-90%
Weevils diflubenzuron 108201 35367-38-5
Weevils dimethoate 35001 60-51-5 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Endosulfan 79401 115-29-7 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Esfenvalerate 109303 66323-04-4 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Imidacloprid 129099 138261-41-3 Good, 80-90%
Weevils insecticidal soap Good, 80-90%
Weevils lindane 9001 58-89-9 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Oxydemeton methyl Good, 80-90%
Weevils permethrin 109701 52645-53-1 Good, 80-90%
Weevils Scouting to determine need for pesticide application Good, 80-90%
White-tailed deer Fencing
White-tailed deer Ground cover management Fair, 60-80%
White-tailed deer Legal hunting Fair, 60-80%
White-tailed deer Repelling pests through use of bitter chemical repellents Poor, 25-60%
White-tailed deer Repelling pests through use of carnivore scent repellents Fair, 60-80%
White-tailed deer Repelling pests through use of hair, garlic, soap, etc. Poor, 25-60%
White-tailed deer Repelling pests through use of putrescent chemical repellents Good, 80-90%
Woody Vines Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Woody Vines Excellent, 90-100%
Woody Vines Fair, 60-80%
Woody Vines 2,4-D 0 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Woody Vines 2,4-D + triclopyr Good, 80-90% Post-emergent
Woody Vines Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines Basamid fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Woody Vines bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Woody Vines dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Poor, 25-60%
Woody Vines Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Woody Vines flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Woody Vines flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Woody Vines glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Post-emergent
Woody Vines Herbicide suppression Fair, 60-80%
Woody Vines Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Excellent, 90-100% pre-emergent
Woody Vines Metam sodium fumigant Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Woody Vines Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Woody Vines Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Woody Vines Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Woody Vines Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Woody Vines S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Woody Vines triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Woody Vines trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Woody Vines Use of mower and/or weed-eater Fair, 60-80%
Yellow Nutsedge Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Excellent, 90-100%
Yellow Nutsedge Excellent, 90-100%
Yellow Nutsedge 2,4-D + triclopyr Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Atrazine 80803 1912-24-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Basamid fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge bentazon 275200 50723-80-3 Excellent, 90-100% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Clethodim 121011 99129-21-2 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge dimethenamid 129051 87674-68-8 Good, 80-90%
Yellow Nutsedge Fabric Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Yellow Nutsedge fluazifop 122805 69806-50-4 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge flumioxazin 129034 141490-50-8 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge glyphosate 417300 1071-83-6 Fair, 60-80% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Herbicide suppression Poor, 25-60%
Yellow Nutsedge Isoxaben 125851 82558-50-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge MeBr, chloropicrin fumigants Good, 80-90% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Metam sodium fumigant Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Methyl Iodide 11 74-88-4 Excellent, more research needed
Yellow Nutsedge Napropamide 103001 15299-99-7 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Organic Mulches Poor, 25-60%
Yellow Nutsedge Oryzalin 104201 19044-88-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge oxadiazon 109001 19666-30-9 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge oxyfluorfen 111601 42874-03-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Pendimethalin 108501 40487-42-1 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge prodiamine 110201 29091-21-2 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge pronamide 101701 23950-58-5 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge sethoxydim 121001 74051-80-2 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge S-metolachlor 108800 87392-12-9 Fair, 60-80% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Sown groundcover Fair, 60-80%
Yellow Nutsedge triclopyr 116001 55335-06-3 Poor, 25-60% Post-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge trifluralin 36101 1582-09-8 Poor, 25-60% pre-emergent
Yellow Nutsedge Use of mower and/or weed-eater Poor, 25-60%
Efficacy Codes
UUnknown
EExcellent, 90-100%
GGood, 80-90%
FFair, 60-80%
PPoor, 25-60%
NCNo Control, <25%
G-EGood to Excellent, 80-100%
F-EFair to Excellent, 50-100%
P-EPoor to Excellent, 25-100%
F-GFair to Good, 50-90%
P-GPoor to Good, 25-90%
P-FPoor to Fair, 25-80%
NUNot Used
RRarely Used

Resistance Management

Toxicity


Timelines


Production Practices JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Pests JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Stages JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Chemicals JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments
2,4-D 08-18-16
4-Aminopyridine 08-18-16
Ammonium Soaps Of Fatty Acids 08-18-16
Arsenal 08-18-16
Atrazine 08-18-16
Basamid-Fluid 08-18-16
Bentazon 08-18-16
Carbaryl 08-18-16
Chlorophacinone 08-18-16
Chloropicrin 08-18-16
Chlorothalonil 08-18-16
Clopyralid 08-18-16
Dimethenamid 08-18-16
Diphacinone 08-18-16
Etoxazole 08-18-16
Fluazifop-butyl 08-18-16
Flumioxazin 08-18-16
Gliocladium Catenulatum Strain J1446 08-18-16
Harpin Protein 08-18-16
Isazophos 08-18-16
Isoxaben 08-18-16
Mefenoxam 08-18-16
Metam-sodium 08-18-16
Methyl Bromide (NO INERT USE) 08-18-16
Methyl Iodide 08-18-16
Myclobutanil 08-18-16
Napropamide 08-18-16
Neem Oil 08-18-16
Oryzalin 08-18-16
Oust Herbicide 08-18-16
Oxadiazon 08-18-16
Oxydemeton-methyl 08-18-16
Prodiamine 08-18-16
Propargite 08-18-16
QST 713 Strain Of Bacillus Subtilis 08-18-16
S-Metolachlor 08-18-16
Simazine 08-18-16
Sulfur 08-18-16
Thiophanate-methyl 08-18-16
Triadimefon 08-18-16
Triazamate 08-18-16
Trichlorfon 08-18-16
Triclopyr 08-18-16
Zinc Phosphide (Zn3P2) 08-18-16


Worker Activities JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

References

Acknowledgments