PMSP for Tomato in Virginia, North Carolina and Delaware

Source

TypePMSPs
Date06/01/2006
PDFhttps://ipmdata.ipmcenters.org/documents/pmsps/SRTomato.pdf
SettingTomato
StateDelaware, North Carolina, Virginia
Contact
Contributors

Settings/Crops



Executive Summary




Background





Priorities

Category Rank Pest Type Pest Crop Stage Date Priority
Extension/Outreach 1 All Pest Types 2006 Disseminate most current pest management information.
Extension/Outreach 2 All Pest Types 2006 Keep growers up to date on management programs including new chemistry, alternatives, and related technology.
Extension/Outreach 3 All Pest Types 2006 Maintain up-to-date, grower-friendly field and pest management guides on paper and on the web. May want to maintain guides with basic pictures and information that have a long shelf life. Out-of-print guides need to be reprinted with some new information.
Extension/Outreach 4 All Pest Types 2006 Adopt grower-friendly technology to ensure timely and efficient transfer of pest management information to growers.
Extension/Outreach 5 All Pest Types 2006 Provide publications and tools for growers.
Extension/Outreach 6 All Pest Types 2006 Develop topic-specific one- to two-page fact sheets.
Extension/Outreach 7 All Pest Types 2006 Continue to retain viable methyl bromide use under CUE.
Extension/Outreach 8 All Pest Types 2006 Develop pesticide resistance management education programs to control insects, diseases, and weeds.
Regulatory 1 All Pest Types 2006 Continue to retain viable methyl bromide use under CUE.
Regulatory 2 All Pest Types 2006 Make EPA aware that VIF-type plastics may be a viable solution to methyl bromide problem by reducing methyl bromide rates while retaining material.
Regulatory 3 All Pest Types 2006 Need viable materials that are effective, yet acceptable to community (i.e., low-risk pesticides).
Regulatory 4 All Pest Types 2006 Maintain the registration of older broad-spectrum pesticides that are viable and safe as a rotational tool for resistance management.
Regulatory 5 All Pest Types 2006 Adopt Special Local Need (Section 24C) and Emergency Use Exemption (Section 18) labels in a timely and realistic manner with respect to grower needs.
Regulatory 6 All Pest Types 2006 Inform EPA of the need to establish clear and understandable label standards for enclosed cabs.
Research 1 All Pest Types 2006 Identify alternatives to methyl bromide.
Research 2 All Pest Types 2006 Develop and offer methods of methyl bromide rate reductions with plasticulture (VIF-type plastics such as solid metal and heat trap).
Research 3 All Pest Types 2006 Continue testing new pesticides.
Research 4 All Pest Types 2006 Find viable materials that are effective, yet acceptable to community (i.e., reduced-risk and IPM-friendly pesticides).
Research 5 All Pest Types 2006 Breed TSWV-resistant tomato varieties.
Research 6 All Pest Types 2006 Manage weeds: sedges (yellow, purple, and annual), common purslane, morningglory, nightshade, groundcherry, and other broadleaf weeds.
Research 7 All Pest Types 2006 Do research on insects (e.g., stink bugs, thrips, and spider mites).
Research 8 All Pest Types 2006 Do research on diseases (e.g., TSWV bacterial speck, bacterial spot, botrytis, fruit rots, fusarium/verticillium wilts, and nematodes).
Research 9 All Pest Types 2006 Investigate threshold/damage relationships and evaluation/prediction tools for insects, diseases, and weeds.
Research 10 All Pest Types 2006 Manage pesticide resistance of insect, disease, and weed pests.
Research 11 All Pest Types 2006 Develop clear and understandable enclosed-cab safety standards.

Production Facts

Production Year
US Rank
% US Acres
Acres Planted
Acres Harvested
Growers
Production
Production Costs/Acre
Natl Avg/Acre
State Avg/Acre
Per Acre Value
Production Value
Price
References

Worker Activities

Production Counties

Production Practices

IPM Practices

Pollinator Protection

Pests


No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

Beneficials

Biological Controls

Cultural Controls

Physical Controls

Chemical Controls

Active Ingredient CAS PC Pests REI (hrs) PHI (days) Description IPM Resistance
1,3-dichloropropene 542-75-6 29001
Abamectin 71751-41-2 122804
Acetamiprid 135410-20-7 99050
Acibenzolar-s-methyl 135158-54-2 61402
Azadirachtin 108168-76-9 121701
Azoxystrobin 131860-33-8 128810
Bacillus Thuringiensis (bt) 0
Bifenazate 149877-41-8 586
Bifenthrin 83322-02-5 128825
Boscalid 188425-85-6 128008
Carbaryl 63-25-2 56801
Carfentrazone-ethyl 128639-02-1 128712
Chloropicrin 76-06-2 81501
Chlorothalonil 1897-45-6 81901
Clomazone 81777-89-1 125401
Copper 0
Cryolite 15096-52-3 75101
Cyfluthrin 68359-37-5 128831
Cymoxanil 57966-95-7 129106
Cyromazine 66215-27-8 121301
Dcpa 1861-32-1 78701
Dicofol 115-32-2 10501
Dimethoate 60-51-5 35001
Dimethomorph 110488-70-5 268800
Dinotefuran 165252-70-0 44312
Ebdc 0
Emamectin Benzoate 155569-91-8 122806
Endosulfan 115-29-7 79401
Eptc 759-94-4 41401
Esfenvalerate 66323-04-4 109303
Etoxazole 153233-91-1 107091
Famoxadone 131807-57-3 113202
Fenpropathrin 39515-41-8 127901
Fixed Copper 0
Flonicamid 158062-67-0 128016
Glyphosate 1071-83-6 417300
Halosulfuron 0
Imidacloprid 138261-41-3 129099
Indoxacarb 173584-44-6 67710
Lambda-cyhalothrin 91465-08-6 128897
Malathion (no Inert use) 121-75-5 57701
Mancozeb 8018-01-7 14504
Mefenoxam 70630-17-0 113502
Metam-potassium 137-41-7 39002
Metam-sodium 137-42-8 39003
Methamidophos 10265-92-6 101201
Methomyl 27519-02-4 90301
Methoxyfenozide 161050-58-4 121027
Methyl Bromide (no inert use) 74-83-9 53201
Metribuzin 21087-64-9 101101
Myclobutanil 88671-89-0 128857
Napropamide 15299-99-7 103001
Novaluron 116714-46-6 124002
Oxamyl 23135-22-0 103801
Oxyfluorfen 42874-03-3 111601
Paraquat 4685-14-7 61603
Pcnb (= Pentachloronitrobenzene) 2593-15-9 56502
Pendimethalin 40487-42-1 108501
Propamocarb Hydrochloride 25606-41-1 119302
Pymetrozine 123312-89-0 101103
Pyraclostrobin 175013-18-0 99100
Pyridalyl 179101-81-6 295149
Pyrimethanil 53112-28-0 288201
Pyriproxyfen 95737-68-1 129032
Rimsulfuron 122931-48-0 129009
S-metolachlor 87392-12-9 108800
Sethoxydim 74051-80-2 121001
Spinosad 168316-95-8 110003
Spiromesifen 283594-90-1 24875
Tebufenozide 112410-23-8 129026
Thiamethoxam 153719-23-4 60109
Thiophanate-methyl 23564-05-8 102001
Trifloxystrobin 141517-21-7 129112
Trifluralin 1582-09-8 36101
Zeta-cypermethrin Unknown 129064
Zoxamide 156052-68-5 101702

Efficacy

Pest Active Ingredient PC Code CAS Efficacy Code Comments
Efficacy Codes
UUnknown
EExcellent, 90-100%
GGood, 80-90%
FFair, 60-80%
PPoor, 25-60%
NCNo Control, <25%
G-EGood to Excellent, 80-100%
F-EFair to Excellent, 50-100%
P-EPoor to Excellent, 25-100%
F-GFair to Good, 50-90%
P-GPoor to Good, 25-90%
P-FPoor to Fair, 25-80%
NUNot Used
RRarely Used

Resistance Management

Toxicity


Timelines


Production Practices JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Pests JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Stages JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Chemicals JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments
1,3-Dichloropropene 08-19-16
Abamectin 08-19-16
Acetamiprid 08-19-16
Acibenzolar-s-methyl 08-19-16
Azadirachtin 08-19-16
Azoxystrobin 08-19-16
Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt) 08-19-16
Bifenazate 08-19-16
Bifenthrin 08-19-16
Boscalid 08-19-16
Carbaryl 08-19-16
Carfentrazone-ethyl 08-19-16
Chloropicrin 08-19-16
Chlorothalonil 08-19-16
Clomazone 08-19-16
Copper 08-19-16
Cryolite 08-19-16
Cyfluthrin 08-19-16
Cymoxanil 08-19-16
Cyromazine 08-19-16
DCPA 08-19-16
Dicofol 08-19-16
Dimethoate 08-19-16
Dimethomorph 08-19-16
Dinotefuran 08-19-16
EBDC 08-19-16
Emamectin Benzoate 08-19-16
Endosulfan 08-19-16
EPTC 08-19-16
Esfenvalerate 08-19-16
Etoxazole 08-19-16
Famoxadone 08-19-16
Fenpropathrin 08-19-16
Fixed Copper 08-19-16
Flonicamid 08-19-16
Glyphosate 08-19-16
Halosulfuron 08-19-16
Imidacloprid 08-19-16
Indoxacarb 08-19-16
Lambda-Cyhalothrin 08-19-16
Malathion (NO INERT USE) 08-19-16
Mancozeb 08-19-16
Mefenoxam 08-19-16
Metam-Potassium 08-19-16
Metam-sodium 08-19-16
Methamidophos 08-19-16
Methomyl 08-19-16
Methoxyfenozide 08-19-16
Methyl Bromide (NO INERT USE) 08-19-16
Metribuzin 08-19-16
Myclobutanil 08-19-16
Napropamide 08-19-16
Novaluron 08-19-16
Oxamyl 08-19-16
Oxyfluorfen 08-19-16
Paraquat 08-19-16
PCNB (= Pentachloronitrobenzene) 08-19-16
Pendimethalin 08-19-16
Propamocarb Hydrochloride 08-19-16
Pymetrozine 08-19-16
Pyraclostrobin 08-19-16
Pyridalyl 08-19-16
Pyrimethanil 08-19-16
Pyriproxyfen 08-19-16
Rimsulfuron 08-19-16
S-Metolachlor 08-19-16
Sethoxydim 08-19-16
Spinosad 08-19-16
Spiromesifen 08-19-16
Tebufenozide 08-19-16
Thiamethoxam 08-19-16
Thiophanate-methyl 08-19-16
Trifloxystrobin 08-19-16
Trifluralin 08-19-16
Zeta-Cypermethrin 08-19-16
Zoxamide 08-19-16


Worker Activities JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

References

Acknowledgments