PMSP for Honey Bees in Mid-Atlantic States


SettingHoney Bees
StateDelaware, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia


Executive Summary



Category Rank Pest Type Pest Crop Stage Date Priority
Extension/Outreach 1 All Pest Types 2008 Educate public on honey bee best management practices & address misconceptions
Extension/Outreach 2 All Pest Types 2008 Share BMPs with beekeepers
Extension/Outreach 3 All Pest Types 2008 Work to improve viability of beekeeping industry; encourage & educate new or potential beekeepers
Extension/Outreach 4 All Pest Types 2008 Improve information transfer techniques (e.g., eXtension)
Extension/Outreach 5 All Pest Types 2008 Educate apiarists on changing bee forage
Extension/Outreach 6 All Pest Types 2008 Advise public and local agencies on AHB facts, along with appropriate preparations & action plans
Extension/Outreach 7 All Pest Types 2008 Promote local & small-scale queen & bee production, as well as local pollination services
Extension/Outreach 8 All Pest Types 2008 Provide information on alternative pollinators
Extension/Outreach 9 All Pest Types 2008 Inform crop growers of beneficial farming practices that protect pollinators (e.g., timing & planting nectar-bearing plants)
Extension/Outreach 10 All Pest Types 2008 Develop & maintain interstate collaborations, such as MAAREC, because working groups may find it easier to get new control methods in the pipeline or registered for beekeeper use
Regulatory 1 All Pest Types 2008 Explore the possibility of reclassifying honey bees as livestock in order to protect beekeepers from economic losses during natural disasters, but only where doing so will not trigger ordinances prohibiting livestock
Regulatory 2 All Pest Types 2008 Reduce liability of beekeepers for hive activities
Regulatory 3 All Pest Types 2008 Produce lists of certified queen breeders
Regulatory 4 All Pest Types 2008 Develop & implement regionally valid hive inspections
Regulatory 5 All Pest Types 2008 Train beekeepers in pesticide safety & encourage them to get private applicator licenses
Research 1 All Pest Types 2008 Determine ways to improve overall colony health & productivity; identify factors leading to decline in honey bee health, such as nutrition, stress, & pests; focus on new or current major issues (e.g., mites, CCD, & genetic disorders)
Research 2 All Pest Types 2008 Design best management practices (BMPs) related to point above
Research 3 All Pest Types 2008 Study mites & develop new control methods
Research 4 All Pest Types 2008 Study selective breeding, stock improvement, & means to increase genetic diversity
Research 5 All Pest Types 2008 Reduce dependence on chemical control methods
Research 6 All Pest Types 2008 Create & disseminate surveys of honey bee diseases & pests to apiarists throughout the mid-Atlantic region
Research 7 All Pest Types 2008 Search for & study beneficial or symbiotic organisms within honey bees
Research 8 All Pest Types 2008 Develop better diagnostics for AHB
Research 9 All Pest Types 2008 Improve understanding of changing bee forage
Research 10 All Pest Types 2008 Examine the nutritional quality of GMOs & the impact on honey bees; also, whether modified genetic material is being transferred to bees & possible effects.

Production Facts

Production Year
US Rank
% US Acres
Acres Planted
Acres Harvested
Production Costs/Acre
Natl Avg/Acre
State Avg/Acre
Per Acre Value
Production Value

Worker Activities

Production Counties

Production Practices

IPM Practices

Pollinator Protection


No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data


Biological Controls

Cultural Controls

Physical Controls

Chemical Controls

Active Ingredient CAS PC Pests REI (hrs) PHI (days) Description IPM Resistance


Pest Active Ingredient PC Code CAS Efficacy Code Comments
Efficacy Codes
EExcellent, 90-100%
GGood, 80-90%
FFair, 60-80%
PPoor, 25-60%
NCNo Control, <25%
G-EGood to Excellent, 80-100%
F-EFair to Excellent, 50-100%
P-EPoor to Excellent, 25-100%
F-GFair to Good, 50-90%
P-GPoor to Good, 25-90%
P-FPoor to Fair, 25-80%
NUNot Used
RRarely Used

Resistance Management



Production Practices JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

Pests JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

Stages JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

Chemicals JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

Worker Activities JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments