PMSP for Woody Ornamental and Landscape Plant Production

Source

TypePMSPs
Date01/20/2011
PDFhttps://ipmdata.ipmcenters.org/documents/pmsps/NurseLandscapeSouth.pdf
SettingLandscaping, Woody Ornamental
StateAlabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia
Contact
Contributors

Settings/Crops



Executive Summary




Background





Priorities

Category Rank Pest Type Pest Crop Stage Date Priority
Extension/Outreach 1 2011 BMPs in weed management
Extension/Outreach 1 All Pest Types 2011 BMPs
Extension/Outreach 1 Insects 2011 Real-time dissemination of information
Extension/Outreach 1 Pathogens 2011 Landscape architect training
Extension/Outreach 2 2011 Worker safety
Extension/Outreach 2 All Pest Types 2011 Landscape architects training
Extension/Outreach 2 Insects 2011 Nematode control for liners
Extension/Outreach 2 Pathogens 2011 Dissemination of old and new information
Extension/Outreach 3 2011 “Green” as a marketing tool
Extension/Outreach 3 All Pest Types 2011 Dissemination of information , content and media
Extension/Outreach 3 Insects 2011 Resistance management
Extension/Outreach 3 Pathogens 2011 Targeted audience outreach
Extension/Outreach 4 2011 Bilingual training materials
Extension/Outreach 4 All Pest Types 2011 Recycling of nursery materials, pots and other plastic planting materials
Extension/Outreach 4 Insects 2011 Application technology and tools
Extension/Outreach 4 Pathogens 2011 Sustainable landscaping and nursery design
Extension/Outreach 5 2011 Regional web site for weed identification, efficacy, and compatibility with crop
Extension/Outreach 5 All Pest Types 2011 Training programs for pest management
Extension/Outreach 5 Pathogens 2011 Application techniques, e.g, calibration, mixing, pH…..
Extension/Outreach 6 2011 Demonstration of herbicide efficacy
Extension/Outreach 6 All Pest Types 2011 Consumer education regarding sustainability
Extension/Outreach 6 Pathogens 2011 “Green” labeling
Extension/Outreach 7 All Pest Types 2011 Product efficacy and safety trials
Extension/Outreach 8 All Pest Types 2011 Chemical issues
Extension/Outreach 9 All Pest Types 2011 Training on production nutrient issues and impacts
Regulatory 1 2011 Data-based products and regulations
Regulatory 1 All Pest Types 2011 Research based water use legislation/BMP
Regulatory 1 Insects 2011 New registrations for new disease
Regulatory 1 Pathogens 2011 Shipping and quarantine issues
Regulatory 2 2011 Invasive species strategies and territory
Regulatory 2 All Pest Types 2011 Runoff standards
Regulatory 2 Insects 2011 New diagnostic technologies
Regulatory 2 Pathogens 2011 BMPs
Regulatory 3 All Pest Types 2011 Economic impact of regulatory issues
Regulatory 3 Insects 2011 Shipping and quarantine issues
Regulatory 3 Pathogens 2011 Water quality and pesticide related issues
Regulatory 4 All Pest Types 2011 A real-time mechanism for producer feedbacks to regulatory agencies
Regulatory 4 Pathogens 2011 Conflicts of IPM with regulations
Regulatory 5 All Pest Types 2011 Regulatory conflicts with BMPs
Regulatory 5 Pathogens 2011 Streamline biological products registration
Research 1 2011 Alternative management tools
Research 1 All Pest Types 2011 Quality and quantity of water
Research 1 Insects 2011 Host plant resistance
Research 1 Pathogens 2011 Prediction tools
Research 2 2011 MSMA replacement
Research 2 All Pest Types 2011 Recycling water, nutrient management, EC tolerance of various crops, herbicides and pesticides in runoff
Research 2 Insects 2011 Detection, prediction, and identification
Research 2 Pathogens 2011 Ecological interactions and exploitation
Research 3 2011 Postemergence management options after preemergence failure
Research 3 All Pest Types 2011 Pest management, impact of agriculture chemicals;
Research 3 Insects 2011 Biorational nematicides
Research 3 Pathogens 2011 Alternative controls, e.g. trap crops, banker plants
Research 4 2011 Species with data gaps, i.e., liver wort, Cogongrass
Research 4 All Pest Types 2011 Water application technology, (i.e., overhead, drip, etc.), use rate, leaching
Research 4 Insects 2011 Compatibility of bio-rational products with other chemicals
Research 4 Pathogens 2011 Biological controls, natural enemies
Research 5 2011 Sustainable mulches
Research 5 All Pest Types 2011 Cultural management practices relative to plant production and pest management
Research 5 Insects 2011 Alternative suppression practices
Research 5 Pathogens 2011 Emerging pests biology and suppression technologies, ex. Strawberry rootworm
Research 6 2011 Economic analyses of technology used throughout the crop production, retail, and landscape
Research 6 All Pest Types 2011 Sustainable production practices, container design and substrate decisions
Research 6 Insects 2011 Soil and water borne diseases
Research 6 Pathogens 2011 Plant stress –pest interactions
Research 7 2011 Weed control in liner production and greenhouse crops
Research 7 All Pest Types 2011 Substrate selection and recycling
Research 7 Insects 2011 Biological controls
Research 7 Pathogens 2011 Host plant resistance
Research 8 2011 Survey and risk assessment of area-wide emerging weeds
Research 8 All Pest Types 2011 Plant stress
Research 8 Insects 2011 Management of viruses
Research 8 Pathogens 2011 Insect-vectored diseases
Research 9 2011 Herbicide resistance management
Research 9 All Pest Types 2011 Crop selection and implication of pest management and sustainability
Research 9 Insects 2011 Emerging pathogens detection and management, i.e., Colletrichium spp., Xylella fastidiosa, Nectria spp.
Research 9 Pathogens 2011 Non-target impacts and compatibilities of chemical tools
Research 10 2011 BMP related issues
Research 10 All Pest Types 2011 Consumer preference, landscape architects
Research 11 2011 Ecological analyses
Research 11 All Pest Types 2011 Economic impact of BMPs
Research 12 2011 Prediction tools
Research 13 2011 Essential oils as alternative controls

Production Facts

Production Year
US Rank
% US Acres
Acres Planted
Acres Harvested
Growers
Production
Production Costs/Acre
Natl Avg/Acre
State Avg/Acre
Per Acre Value
Production Value
Price
References

Worker Activities

Production Counties

Production Practices

IPM Practices

Pollinator Protection

Pests


No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

Beneficials

Biological Controls

Cultural Controls

Physical Controls

Chemical Controls

Active Ingredient CAS PC Pests REI (hrs) PHI (days) Description IPM Resistance
Abamectin 71751-41-2 122804
Acephate 30560-19-1 103301
Acequinocyl 57960-19-7 6329
Acetamiprid 135410-20-7 99050
Alachlor 15972-60-8 90501
Azadirachtin 108168-76-9 121701
Bendiocarb 22781-23-3 105201
Benefin 1861-40-1 84301
Bensulide 741-58-2 9801
Bifenazate 149877-41-8 586
Bifenthrin 83322-02-5 128825
Buprofezin 69327-76-0 275100
Carbaryl 63-25-2 56801
Chinomethionate 2439-01-2 54101
Chlorfenapyr 122453-73-0 129093
Chlorothalonil 1897-45-6 81901
Chlorpyrifos 2921-88-2 59101
Clofentezine 74115-24-5 125501
Clothianidin 210880-92-5 44309
Copper Sulfate pentahydrate 7758-99-8 24401
Cryolite 15096-52-3 75101
Cyfluthrin 68359-37-5 128831
Cypermethrin 52315-07-8 109702
Cyromazine 66215-27-8 121301
Deltamethrin 66841-25-6 97805
Diazinon 59928-80-2 57801
Dibrom 300-76-5 34401
Dichlobenil 1194-65-6 27401
Dicofol 115-32-2 10501
Dicrotophos 141-66-2 35201
Diflubenzuron 35367-38-5 108201
Dimethoate 60-51-5 35001
Dinotefuran 165252-70-0 44312
Disulfoton 298-04-4 32501
Dithiopyr 97886-45-8 128994
Endosulfan 115-29-7 79401
Esfenvalerate 66323-04-4 109303
Etoxazole 153233-91-1 107091
Fenarimol 60168-88-9 206600
Fenbutatin-oxide 13556-08-6 104601
Fenoxycarb 79127-80-3 125301
Fenpropathrin 39515-41-8 127901
Fenpyroximate 134098-61-6 129131
Fipronil 120068-37-3 129121
Flonicamid 158062-67-0 128016
Fluvalinate 102851-06-9 109302
Hexythiazox 78587-05-0 128849
Hydramethylnon 67485-29-4 118401
Imazaquin 81335-37-7 128848
Imidacloprid 138261-41-3 129099
Indoxacarb 173584-44-6 67710
Iron Phosphate (fepo4) 10045-86-0 34903
Isoxaben 82558-50-7 125851
Kinoprene 42588-37-4 107501
Lambda-cyhalothrin 91465-08-6 128897
Malathion (no Inert use) 121-75-5 57701
Mancozeb 8018-01-7 14504
Mefenoxam 70630-17-0 113502
Metaldehyde 9002-91-9 53001
Methidathion 950-37-8 100301
Methiocarb 2032-65-7 100501
Metolachlor 51218-45-2 108801
Milbemectin (use Pc code 090105) 51596-11-3 90103
Napropamide 15299-99-7 103001
Neem Oil 0
Norflurazon 27314-13-2 105801
Novaluron 116714-46-6 124002
Oryzalin 19044-88-3 104201
Oxadiazon 19666-30-9 109001
Oxydemeton-methyl 301-12-2 58702
Permethrin 52645-53-1 109701
Propamocarb 24579-73-5 119301
Propamocarb Hydrochloride 25606-41-1 119302
Propylene Glycol monolaurate 27194-74-7 11288
Pymetrozine 123312-89-0 101103
Pyridaben 96489-71-3 129105
Pyridalyl 179101-81-6 295149
Pyriproxyfen 95737-68-1 129032
Rotenone 83-79-4 71003
S-methoprene 65733-16-6 105402
Spinosad 168316-95-8 110003
Spiromesifen 283594-90-1 24875
Spirotetramat 0
Tebufenozide 112410-23-8 129026
Tebufenpyrad 119168-77-3 90102
Tefluthrin 79538-32-2 128912
Thiamethoxam 153719-23-4 60109
Thiophanate-methyl 23564-05-8 102001
Trichlorfon 52-68-6 57901

Efficacy

Pest Active Ingredient PC Code CAS Efficacy Code Comments
Efficacy Codes
UUnknown
EExcellent, 90-100%
GGood, 80-90%
FFair, 60-80%
PPoor, 25-60%
NCNo Control, <25%
G-EGood to Excellent, 80-100%
F-EFair to Excellent, 50-100%
P-EPoor to Excellent, 25-100%
F-GFair to Good, 50-90%
P-GPoor to Good, 25-90%
P-FPoor to Fair, 25-80%
NUNot Used
RRarely Used

Resistance Management

Toxicity


Timelines


Production Practices JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Pests JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Stages JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Chemicals JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments
Abamectin 08-16-16
Acephate 08-16-16
Acequinocyl 08-16-16
Acetamiprid 08-16-16
Alachlor 08-16-16
Azadirachtin 08-16-16
Bendiocarb 08-16-16
Benefin 08-16-16
Bensulide 08-16-16
Bifenazate 08-16-16
Bifenthrin 08-16-16
Buprofezin 08-16-16
Carbaryl 08-16-16
Chinomethionate 08-16-16
Chlorfenapyr 08-16-16
Chlorothalonil 08-16-16
Chlorpyrifos 08-16-16
Clofentezine 08-16-16
Clothianidin 08-16-16
Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate 08-16-16
Cryolite 08-16-16
Cyfluthrin 08-16-16
Cypermethrin 08-16-16
Cyromazine 08-16-16
Deltamethrin 08-16-16
Diazinon 08-16-16
Dibrom 08-16-16
Dichlobenil 08-16-16
Dicofol 08-16-16
Dicrotophos 08-16-16
Diflubenzuron 08-16-16
Dimethoate 08-16-16
Dinotefuran 08-16-16
Disulfoton 08-16-16
Dithiopyr 08-16-16
Endosulfan 08-16-16
Esfenvalerate 08-16-16
Etoxazole 08-16-16
Fenarimol 08-16-16
Fenbutatin-oxide 08-16-16
Fenoxycarb 08-16-16
Fenpropathrin 08-16-16
Fenpyroximate 08-16-16
Fipronil 08-16-16
Flonicamid 08-16-16
Fluvalinate 08-16-16
Hexythiazox 08-16-16
Hydramethylnon 08-16-16
Imazaquin 08-16-16
Imidacloprid 08-16-16
Indoxacarb 08-16-16
Iron Phosphate (FePO4) 08-16-16
Isoxaben 08-16-16
Kinoprene 08-16-16
Lambda-Cyhalothrin 08-16-16
Malathion (NO INERT USE) 08-16-16
Mancozeb 08-16-16
Mefenoxam 08-16-16
Metaldehyde 08-16-16
Methidathion 08-16-16
Methiocarb 08-16-16
Metolachlor 08-16-16
Milbemectin (Use Pc Code 090105) 08-16-16
Napropamide 08-16-16
Neem Oil 08-16-16
Norflurazon 08-16-16
Novaluron 08-16-16
Oryzalin 08-16-16
Oxadiazon 08-16-16
Oxydemeton-methyl 08-16-16
Permethrin 08-16-16
Propamocarb 08-16-16
Propamocarb Hydrochloride 08-16-16
Propylene Glycol Monolaurate 08-16-16
Pymetrozine 08-16-16
Pyridaben 08-16-16
Pyridalyl 08-16-16
Pyriproxyfen 08-16-16
Rotenone 08-16-16
S-Methoprene 08-16-16
Spinosad 08-16-16
Spiromesifen 08-16-16
Spirotetramat 08-16-16
Tebufenozide 08-16-16
Tebufenpyrad 08-16-16
Tefluthrin 08-16-16
Thiamethoxam 08-16-16
Thiophanate-methyl 08-16-16
Trichlorfon 08-16-16


Worker Activities JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

References

Acknowledgments