PMSP for Wine Grapes in Virginia and North Carolina

Source

TypePMSPs
Date06/01/2012
PDFhttps://ipmdata.ipmcenters.org/documents/pmsps/VA-NCwinegrapesPMSP.pdf
SettingGrape, Grape, Wine
StateNorth Carolina, Virginia
Contact
Contributors

Settings/Crops



Executive Summary




Background





Priorities

Category Rank Pest Type Pest Crop Stage Date Priority
Extension/Outreach 1 All Pest Types 2012 How to ensure clean plant material
Extension/Outreach 2 All Pest Types 2012 New grower education – General information, especially how to develop healthier vines
Extension/Outreach 3 All Pest Types 2012 How to brand/market IPM, which is easier than trying to carve out a niche that is not strictly organic
Extension/Outreach 4 All Pest Types 2012 Teach growers about variety selection and hybrids; some are much less susceptible to certain diseases/pests. Also explain how this affects the spray schedule.
Extension/Outreach 5 All Pest Types 2012 Crop sensitivity – states with database of locations for crops sensitive to herbicide 2,4-D
Regulatory 1 All Pest Types 2012 How to ensure clean plant material
Regulatory 2 All Pest Types 2012 Crop sensitivity – states with database of locations for crops sensitive to herbicide 2,4-D, WA growers have to record all application data and report to state Department of Agriculture
Regulatory 3 All Pest Types 2012 Get clearance for grape root borer pheromone (available in Europe)
Research 1 All Pest Types 2012 Sprayer technology/drift mitigation/coverage –important to integrated pest management (IPM)
Research 2 All Pest Types 2012 Buffers to minimize drift, what species to plant, distance between
Research 3 All Pest Types 2012 When to spray, thresholds for our specific weather/environmental conditions, phenological models (time when things are active) – for arthropods and diseases – need to get local data
Research 4 All Pest Types 2012 How to ensure clean plant material
Research 5 All Pest Types 2012 Develop healthier vines
Research 6 All Pest Types 2012 Soil organisms, nematodes, impact on vineyard/soil health
Research 7 All Pest Types 2012 Organic practices – soft chemistry, especially organic black rot control
Research 8 All Pest Types 2012 Variety selection, hybrids much less susceptible to certain diseases/pests, how it affects spray schedule, affects layout of vineyard
Research 9 All Pest Types 2012 Crop sensitivity – states with database of locations for crops sensitive to herbicide 2,4-D

Production Facts

Production Year
US Rank
% US Acres
Acres Planted
Acres Harvested
Growers
Production
Production Costs/Acre
Natl Avg/Acre
State Avg/Acre
Per Acre Value
Production Value
Price
References

Worker Activities

Production Counties

Production Practices

IPM Practices

Pollinator Protection

Pests


No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

Beneficials

Biological Controls

Cultural Controls

Physical Controls

Chemical Controls

Active Ingredient CAS PC Pests REI (hrs) PHI (days) Description IPM Resistance
Abamectin 71751-41-2 122804
Acetamiprid 135410-20-7 99050
Azadirachtin 108168-76-9 121701
Azoxystrobin 131860-33-8 128810
Bacillus Thuringiensis (bt) 0
Bifenazate 149877-41-8 586
Bifenthrin 83322-02-5 128825
Boscalid 188425-85-6 128008
Buprofezin 69327-76-0 275100
Capsaicine 28789-35-7 70701
Captan 133-06-2 81301
Carbaryl 63-25-2 56801
Carfentrazone-ethyl 128639-02-1 128712
Chlorantraniliprole 500008-45-7 90100
Chlorpyrifos 2921-88-2 59101
Clethodim 99129-21-2 121011
Clothianidin 210880-92-5 44309
Copper 0
Copper (bordeaux) 0
Cyazofamid 120116-88-3 85651
Cyfluthrin 68359-37-5 128831
Cymoxanil 57966-95-7 129106
Cyprodinil 121552-61-2 288202
Diazinon 59928-80-2 57801
Dichlobenil 1194-65-6 27401
Difenoconazole 119446-68-3 128847
Dimethomorph 110488-70-5 268800
Dinotefuran 165252-70-0 44312
Dithane (mancozeb) M-45 technical premix 8018-01-7 14504
Diuron 330-54-1 35505
Endosulfan 115-29-7 79401
Etoxazole 153233-91-1 107091
Famoxadone 131807-57-3 113202
Fenamidone 161326-34-7 46679
Fenarimol 60168-88-9 206600
Fenbutatin-oxide 13556-08-6 104601
Fenhexamid 126833-17-8 90209
Fenpropathrin 39515-41-8 127901
Ferbam 14484-64-1 34801
Fixed Copper 0
Fluazifop-butyl 69806-50-4 122805
Flumioxazin 141490-50-8 129034
Fluopicolide 239110-15-7 27412
Fosetyl-al 39148-24-8 123301
Glufosinate 77182-82-2 128850
Glyphosate 1071-83-6 417300
Hexythiazox 78587-05-0 128849
Hydrogen Peroxide 7722-84-1 595
Imidacloprid 138261-41-3 129099
Indoxacarb 173584-44-6 67710
Iprodione 36734-19-7 109801
Isoxaben 82558-50-7 125851
Kaolin Clay 1332-58-7 100104
Karathane 39300-45-3 36001
Kresoxim-methyl 143390-89-0 129111
Malathion (no Inert use) 121-75-5 57701
Mancozeb 8018-01-7 14504
Mandipropamide Technical 374726-62-2 36602
Mefenoxam 70630-17-0 113502
Methomyl 27519-02-4 90301
Methoxyfenozide 161050-58-4 121027
Metrafenone 220899-03-6 325
Monopotassium Phosphate 7778-77-0 76413
Myclobutanil 88671-89-0 128857
Napropamide 15299-99-7 103001
Neem Oil 0
Norflurazon 27314-13-2 105801
Oil, Stylet 0
Oil, Superior 0
Oryzalin 19044-88-3 104201
Oxyfluorfen 42874-03-3 111601
Paraquat 4685-14-7 61603
Pendimethalin 40487-42-1 108501
Pheromones 0
Phosmet 732-11-6 59201
Phosphorous Acid 10294-56-1 76002
Potassium Bicarbonate 298-14-6 73508
Pronamide 23950-58-5 101701
Pyraclostrobin 175013-18-0 99100
Pyrethrins 8003-34-7 69001
Pyridaben 96489-71-3 129105
Pyrimethanil 53112-28-0 288201
Quinoxyfen 878790-59-1 55459
Rimsulfuron 122931-48-0 129009
Sethoxydim 74051-80-2 121001
Simazine 39312-80-6 80807
Spinetoram (amixture Of spinetoram-j and spinetoram-l) 935545-74-7 110007
Spinosad 168316-95-8 110003
Spirodiclofen 148477-71-8 124871
Spirotetramat 0
Sulfur 7704-34-9 77501
Tebuconazole 107534-96-3 128997
Tetraconazole 112281-77-3 120603
Thiamethoxam 153719-23-4 60109
Thiophanate-methyl 23564-05-8 102001
Trifloxystrobin 141517-21-7 129112
Triflumizole 68694-11-1 128879
Ziram 155-04-4 34805
Zoxamide 156052-68-5 101702

Efficacy

Pest Active Ingredient PC Code CAS Efficacy Code Comments
Efficacy Codes
UUnknown
EExcellent, 90-100%
GGood, 80-90%
FFair, 60-80%
PPoor, 25-60%
NCNo Control, <25%
G-EGood to Excellent, 80-100%
F-EFair to Excellent, 50-100%
P-EPoor to Excellent, 25-100%
F-GFair to Good, 50-90%
P-GPoor to Good, 25-90%
P-FPoor to Fair, 25-80%
NUNot Used
RRarely Used

Resistance Management

Toxicity


Timelines


Production Practices JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Pests JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Stages JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Chemicals JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments
Abamectin 08-18-16
Acetamiprid 08-18-16
Azadirachtin 08-18-16
Azoxystrobin 05-05-16
Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt) 08-18-16
Bifenazate 08-18-16
Bifenthrin 08-18-16
Boscalid 05-05-16
Buprofezin 08-18-16
Capsaicine 08-18-16
Captan 05-05-16
Carbaryl 08-18-16
Carfentrazone-ethyl 08-18-16
Chlorantraniliprole 08-18-16
Chlorpyrifos 08-18-16
Clethodim 08-18-16
Clothianidin 08-18-16
Copper 08-18-16
Copper (Bordeaux) 08-18-16
Cyazofamid 05-05-16
Cyfluthrin 08-18-16
Cymoxanil 05-05-16
Cyprodinil 05-05-16
Diazinon 08-18-16
Dichlobenil 08-18-16
Difenoconazole 05-05-16
Dimethomorph 05-05-16
Dinotefuran 08-18-16
Dithane (mancozeb) M-45 Technical Premix 05-05-16
Diuron 08-18-16
Endosulfan 08-18-16
Etoxazole 08-18-16
Famoxadone 05-05-16
Fenamidone 05-05-16
Fenarimol 05-05-16
Fenbutatin-oxide 08-18-16
Fenhexamid 05-05-16
Fenpropathrin 08-18-16
Ferbam 05-05-16
Fixed Copper 08-18-16
Fluazifop-butyl 08-18-16
Flumioxazin 08-18-16
Fluopicolide 05-05-16
Fosetyl-Al 05-05-16
Glufosinate 08-18-16
Glyphosate 08-18-16
Hexythiazox 08-18-16
Hydrogen Peroxide 05-05-16
Imidacloprid 08-18-16
Indoxacarb 08-18-16
Iprodione 05-05-16
Isoxaben 08-18-16
Kaolin Clay 08-18-16
Karathane 08-18-16
Kresoxim-methyl 05-05-16
Malathion (NO INERT USE) 08-18-16
Mancozeb 05-05-16
Mandipropamide Technical 05-05-16
Mefenoxam 05-05-16
Methomyl 08-18-16
Methoxyfenozide 08-18-16
METRAFENONE 05-05-16
Monopotassium Phosphate 08-18-16
Myclobutanil 05-05-16
Napropamide 08-18-16
Neem Oil 08-18-16
Norflurazon 08-18-16
Oil, Stylet 08-18-16
Oil, Superior 08-18-16
Oryzalin 08-18-16
Oxyfluorfen 08-18-16
Paraquat 08-18-16
Pendimethalin 08-18-16
Pheromones 08-18-16
Phosmet 08-18-16
Phosphorous Acid 05-05-16
Potassium Bicarbonate 08-18-16
Pronamide 08-18-16
Pyraclostrobin 05-05-16
Pyrethrins 08-18-16
Pyridaben 08-18-16
Pyrimethanil 05-05-16
Quinoxyfen 05-05-16
Rimsulfuron 08-18-16
Sethoxydim 08-18-16
Simazine 08-18-16
Spinetoram (amixture Of Spinetoram-J And Spinetoram-L) 08-18-16
Spinosad 08-18-16
Spirodiclofen 08-18-16
Spirotetramat 08-18-16
Sulfur 08-18-16
Tebuconazole 05-05-16
Tetraconazole 08-18-16
Thiamethoxam 08-18-16
Thiophanate-methyl 05-05-16
Trifloxystrobin 05-05-16
Triflumizole 05-05-16
Ziram 05-05-16
Zoxamide 05-05-16


Worker Activities JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

References

Acknowledgments