PMSP for Turfgrass in NC and VA

Source

TypePMSPs
Date07/09/2013
PDFhttps://ipmdata.ipmcenters.org/documents/pmsps/NC-VAturfgrass.pdf
SettingTurfgrass
StateNorth Carolina, Virginia
Contact
Contributors

Settings/Crops



Executive Summary




Background





Priorities

Category Rank Pest Type Pest Crop Stage Date Priority
Extension/Outreach 1 All Pest Types 2013 Create an alert system for pest degree-day models.
Extension/Outreach 2 All Pest Types 2013 Increase awareness of the online irrigation model, which provides real-time data (one day behind).
Extension/Outreach 3 All Pest Types 2013 Disseminate information on organics and cultural practices, especially targeting the average consumer.
Extension/Outreach 4 All Pest Types 2013 Implement more school programs and improve information in textbooks.
Extension/Outreach 5 All Pest Types 2013 Develop bilingual educational tools.
Extension/Outreach 6 All Pest Types 2013 Publish nutrient management guides for different sectors because consumers are buying and misapplying fertilizer.
Extension/Outreach 7 All Pest Types 2013 Develop a certification program for urban nutrient management.
Extension/Outreach 8 All Pest Types 2013 Address crop seed (= turf weeds) designation in grass seed.
Extension/Outreach 9 All Pest Types 2013 Develop Extension tools covering organic control methods.
Extension/Outreach 10 All Pest Types 2013 Provide most current pest management information via an easily accessed and frequently updated database.
Regulatory 1 All Pest Types 2013 Once the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) takes control, eradication efforts are too late.
Regulatory 2 All Pest Types 2013 Loosen restrictions on reusing wastewater.
Regulatory 3 All Pest Types 2013 Bilingual labeling – need universal compliance.
Regulatory 4 All Pest Types 2013 Get involved with organizations (e.g. RISE) that fight to keep chemicals labeled.
Regulatory 5 All Pest Types 2013 Address crop seed (e.g., annual rye, Bermuda, and orchardgrass) designation in grass seed because often weeds are considered crops on the label.
Regulatory 6 All Pest Types 2013 Enforce regulatory measures fairly and ensure homeowners are doing their part to apply chemicals safely. Currently, average consumers are allowed to buy chemicals and apply them indiscriminately.
Regulatory 7 All Pest Types 2013 Overhaul EPA risk assessments because their assumptions are often unreasonable.
Research 1 All Pest Types 2013 Examine drought resistance of various turfgrass species.
Research 2 All Pest Types 2013 Gather more data on plant physiology – fertilizer costs have increased so must increase efficiency. Also must understand how different products work within the plant and what reactions take place in the soil.
Research 3 All Pest Types 2013 Continue research efforts on fire ants.
Research 4 All Pest Types 2013 Develop degree-day models for various pests and generate state-specific data.
Research 5 All Pest Types 2013 Examine the use of organics (fertilizers and chemicals) and cultural practices to control pests.
Research 6 All Pest Types 2013 Conduct additional research on dallisgrass.
Research 7 All Pest Types 2013 Study biorationals, specifically their cost-effectiveness and efficacy.
Research 8 All Pest Types 2013 Determine the fate and efficacy of nitrogen from an economic standpoint, create a ranking system for organics vs. nonorganics, and develop a quantitative way to measure.

Production Facts

Production Year
US Rank
% US Acres
Acres Planted
Acres Harvested
Growers
Production
Production Costs/Acre
Natl Avg/Acre
State Avg/Acre
Per Acre Value
Production Value
Price
References

Worker Activities

Production Counties

Production Practices

IPM Practices

Pollinator Protection

Pests


No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

No Data

Beneficials

Biological Controls

Cultural Controls

Physical Controls

Chemical Controls

Active Ingredient CAS PC Pests REI (hrs) PHI (days) Description IPM Resistance
2,4-d 0
Abamectin 71751-41-2 122804
Acephate 30560-19-1 103301
Aluminum Phosphide 20859-73-8 66501
Anthraquinone 84-65-1 122701
Asulam 3337-71-1 106901
Atrazine 1912-24-9 80803
Azadirachtin 108168-76-9 121701
Azoxystrobin 131860-33-8 128810
Bacillus Thuringiensis (bt) 0
Beauveria Bassiana (cas reg. no. 63428-82-0 ) 63428-82-0 90305
Benefin 1861-40-1 84301
Bensulide 741-58-2 9801
Bentazon 50723-80-3 275200
Bifenazate 149877-41-8 586
Bifenthrin 83322-02-5 128825
Bispyribac-sodium 125401-92-5 78906
Boscalid 188425-85-6 128008
Bromacil 314-40-9 12301
Bromethalin 63333-35-7 112802
Cacodylic Acid 59164-68-0 12501
Capsaicin 28789-35-7 70701
Carbaryl 63-25-2 56801
Carbon 0
Carfentrazone-ethyl 128639-02-1 128712
Castor Oil 8001-79-4 31608
Chlorantraniliprole 500008-45-7 90100
Chloroneb 2675-77-6 27301
Chloropicrin 76-06-2 81501
Chlorothalonil 1897-45-6 81901
Chlorpyrifos 2921-88-2 59101
Clethodim 99129-21-2 121011
Clopyralid 1702-17-6 117403
Clothianidin 210880-92-5 44309
Copper Hydroxide 20427-59-2 23401
Cyazofamid 120116-88-3 85651
Cyfluthrin 68359-37-5 128831
Cypermethrin 52315-07-8 109702
Dazomet 533-74-4 35602
Dcpa 1861-32-1 78701
Deltamethrin 66841-25-6 97805
Dicamba 1918-00-9 29801
Diclofop 40843-25-2 110901
Dinotefuran 165252-70-0 44312
Dithiopyr 97886-45-8 128994
Eptc 759-94-4 41401
Ethazole 2593-15-9 84701
Ethofumesate 26225-79-6 110601
Ethoprop 13194-48-4 41101
Fenamiphos 22224-92-6 100601
Fenarimol 60168-88-9 206600
Fenoxaprop 66441-23-4 128701
Fenoxycarb 79127-80-3 125301
Fipronil 120068-37-3 129121
Fixed Copper 0
Fludioxonil 131341-86-1 71503
Fluopicolide 239110-15-7 27412
Fluoxastrobin 361377-29-9 28869
Fluroxypyr 69377-81-7 128959
Flutolanil 66332-96-5 128975
Foramsulfuron 173159-57-4 122020
Fosetyl-al 39148-24-8 123301
Gamma-cyhalothrin 76703-62-3 128807
Garlic Oil 8000-78-0 128827
Glufosinate 77182-82-2 128850
Glufosinate-ammonium 77182-82-2 128850
Halofenozide 112226-61-6 121026
Halosulfuron 0
Hydramethylnon 67485-29-4 118401
Imazapic 104098-48-8 129041
Imazaquin 81335-37-7 128848
Imazethapyr 81335-77-5 128922
Imidacloprid 138261-41-3 129099
Indoxacarb 173584-44-6 67710
Iprodione 36734-19-7 109801
Isoxaben 82558-50-7 125851
Lambda-cyhalothrin 91465-08-6 128897
Mancozeb 8018-01-7 14504
Mcpa 94-74-6 30501
Mefenoxam 70630-17-0 113502
Mesotrione 104206-82-8 122990
Metalaxyl 57837-19-1 113501
Metarhizium Anisopliae strain f52 spores Unknown 29056
Metconazole 125116-23-6 125619
Methomyl 27519-02-4 90301
Methyl Anthranilate 134-20-3 128725
Methyl Bromide (no inert use) 74-83-9 53201
Metribuzin 21087-64-9 101101
Metsulfuron-methyl 74223-64-6 122010
Msma 2163-80-6 13803
Myclobutanil 88671-89-0 128857
Napropamide 15299-99-7 103001
Oryzalin 19044-88-3 104201
Oxadiazon 19666-30-9 109001
Pcnb (= Pentachloronitrobenzene) 2593-15-9 56502
Pendimethalin 40487-42-1 108501
Permethrin 52645-53-1 109701
Phosphorous Acid 10294-56-1 76002
Piperidine 0
Polyoxin D zinc salt 146659-78-1 230000
Potassium Nitrate 7757-79-1 76103
Potassium Salts of fatty acids 67701-09-1 79021
Prodiamine 29091-21-2 110201
Prometon 1610-18-0 80804
Pronamide 23950-58-5 101701
Propamocarb 24579-73-5 119301
Propamocarb Hydrochloride 25606-41-1 119302
Propiconazole 60207-90-1 122101
Pyraclostrobin 175013-18-0 99100
Pyriproxyfen 95737-68-1 129032
Quinclorac 84087-01-4 128974
Rimsulfuron 122931-48-0 129009
S-methoprene 65733-16-6 105402
S-metolachlor 87392-12-9 108800
Sethoxydim 74051-80-2 121001
Siduron 1982-49-6 35509
Simazine 39312-80-6 80807
Sodium Cyanide 592-01-8 74002
Sodium Nitrate 7631-99-4 76104
Spinosad 168316-95-8 110003
Spores Of bacillus popilliae Unknown 54502
Sulfentrazone 122836-35-5 129081
Sulfur 7704-34-9 77501
Thiamethoxam 153719-23-4 60109
Thiophanate-methyl 23564-05-8 102001
Thiram 137-26-8 79801
Triadimefon 43121-43-3 109901
Trichlorfon 52-68-6 57901
Triclopyr 55335-06-3 116001
Trifloxystrobin 141517-21-7 129112
Trifluralin 1582-09-8 36101
Triticonazole 131983-72-7 125620
Vinclozolin 50471-44-8 113201
Warfarin 81-81-2 86002
Zinc Phosphide (zn3p2) 1314-84-7 88601

Efficacy

Pest Active Ingredient PC Code CAS Efficacy Code Comments
Efficacy Codes
UUnknown
EExcellent, 90-100%
GGood, 80-90%
FFair, 60-80%
PPoor, 25-60%
NCNo Control, <25%
G-EGood to Excellent, 80-100%
F-EFair to Excellent, 50-100%
P-EPoor to Excellent, 25-100%
F-GFair to Good, 50-90%
P-GPoor to Good, 25-90%
P-FPoor to Fair, 25-80%
NUNot Used
RRarely Used

Resistance Management

Toxicity


Timelines


Production Practices JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Pests JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Stages JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments


Chemicals JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments
2,4-D 08-19-16
Abamectin 08-19-16
Acephate 08-19-16
Aluminum Phosphide 08-19-16
Anthraquinone 08-19-16
Asulam 08-19-16
Atrazine 08-19-16
Azadirachtin 08-19-16
Azoxystrobin 08-19-16
Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt) 08-19-16
Beauveria Bassiana (CAS Reg. No. 63428-82-0 ) 08-19-16
Benefin 08-19-16
Bensulide 08-19-16
Bentazon 08-19-16
Bifenazate 08-19-16
Bifenthrin 08-19-16
Bispyribac-sodium 08-19-16
Boscalid 08-19-16
Bromacil 08-19-16
Bromethalin 08-19-16
Cacodylic Acid 08-19-16
Capsaicin 08-19-16
Carbaryl 08-19-16
Carbon 08-19-16
Carfentrazone-ethyl 08-19-16
Castor Oil 08-19-16
Chlorantraniliprole 08-19-16
Chloroneb 08-19-16
Chloropicrin 08-19-16
Chlorothalonil 08-19-16
Chlorpyrifos 08-19-16
Clethodim 08-19-16
Clopyralid 08-19-16
Clothianidin 08-19-16
Copper Hydroxide 08-19-16
Cyazofamid 08-19-16
Cyfluthrin 08-19-16
Cypermethrin 08-19-16
Dazomet 08-19-16
DCPA 08-19-16
Deltamethrin 08-19-16
Dicamba 08-19-16
Diclofop 08-19-16
Dinotefuran 08-19-16
Dithiopyr 08-19-16
EPTC 08-19-16
Ethazole 08-19-16
Ethofumesate 08-19-16
Ethoprop 08-19-16
Fenamiphos 08-19-16
Fenarimol 08-19-16
Fenoxaprop 08-19-16
Fenoxycarb 08-19-16
Fipronil 08-19-16
Fixed Copper 08-19-16
Fludioxonil 08-19-16
Fluopicolide 08-19-16
Fluoxastrobin 08-19-16
Fluroxypyr 08-19-16
Flutolanil 08-19-16
Foramsulfuron 08-19-16
Fosetyl-Al 08-19-16
Gamma-Cyhalothrin 08-19-16
Garlic Oil 08-19-16
Glufosinate 08-19-16
Glufosinate-ammonium 08-19-16
Halofenozide 08-19-16
Halosulfuron 08-19-16
Hydramethylnon 08-19-16
Imazapic 08-19-16
Imazaquin 08-19-16
Imazethapyr 08-19-16
Imidacloprid 08-19-16
Indoxacarb 08-19-16
Iprodione 08-19-16
Isoxaben 08-19-16
Lambda-Cyhalothrin 08-19-16
Mancozeb 08-19-16
MCPA 08-19-16
Mefenoxam 08-19-16
Mesotrione 08-19-16
Metalaxyl 08-19-16
Metarhizium Anisopliae Strain F52 Spores 08-19-16
Metconazole 08-19-16
Methomyl 08-19-16
Methyl Anthranilate 08-19-16
Methyl Bromide (NO INERT USE) 08-19-16
Metribuzin 08-19-16
Metsulfuron-methyl 08-19-16
MSMA 08-19-16
Myclobutanil 08-19-16
Napropamide 08-19-16
Oryzalin 08-19-16
Oxadiazon 08-19-16
PCNB (= Pentachloronitrobenzene) 08-19-16
Pendimethalin 08-19-16
Permethrin 08-19-16
Phosphorous Acid 08-19-16
Piperidine 08-19-16
Polyoxin D Zinc Salt 08-19-16
Potassium Nitrate 08-19-16
Potassium Salts Of Fatty Acids 08-19-16
Prodiamine 08-19-16
Prometon 08-19-16
Pronamide 08-19-16
Propamocarb 08-19-16
Propamocarb Hydrochloride 08-19-16
Propiconazole 08-19-16
Pyraclostrobin 08-19-16
Pyriproxyfen 08-19-16
Quinclorac 08-19-16
Rimsulfuron 08-19-16
S-Methoprene 08-19-16
S-Metolachlor 08-19-16
Sethoxydim 08-19-16
Siduron 08-19-16
Simazine 08-19-16
Sodium Cyanide 08-19-16
Sodium Nitrate 08-19-16
Spinosad 08-19-16
Spores Of Bacillus Popilliae 08-19-16
Sulfentrazone 08-19-16
Sulfur 08-19-16
Thiamethoxam 08-19-16
Thiophanate-methyl 08-19-16
Thiram 08-19-16
Triadimefon 08-19-16
Trichlorfon 08-19-16
Triclopyr 08-19-16
Trifloxystrobin 08-19-16
Trifluralin 08-19-16
Triticonazole 08-19-16
Vinclozolin 08-19-16
Warfarin 08-19-16
Zinc Phosphide (Zn3P2) 08-19-16


Worker Activities JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Entered Comments

References

Acknowledgments