Crop Profiles are descriptions of crop production and pest management recommendations compiled by state and commodity.
Pest Management Strategic Plans (PMSP)
Pest Management Strategic Plans - The USDA Office of Pest Management Policy (OPMP) is facilitating the production of Pest Management Strategic Plans (PMS Plans) which are developed by growers, commodity associations, land-grant specialists, food processors, crop consultants, and EPA. These plans address pest management needs and priorities for individual commodities.
Each plan focuses on commodity production in a particular state or region. The plans take a pest-by-pest approach to identifying the current management practices (chemical and non-chemical) and those under development. Plans also state the commodity's priorities for research, regulatory activity, and education/training programs needed for transition to alternative pest management practices.
If you are interested in undertaking development of a PMSP, we strongly encourage you to work with your IPM Center. In the Southern region, contact us. A checklist for completing a PMSP is available (in PDF format). A national effort is currently underway to streamline and standardize the PMSP development process - ask your IPM Center staff about this effort.
Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) instructs USDA and EPA to obtain pesticide use and usage data on the major and minor crops. Of particular importance at this time are use and usage data for the organophosphates, carbamates, and possible carcinogens. These classes of pesticides have been identified as top priority at EPA for the tolerance reassessment process. These same pesticides are also vital in the production of many of our crops.
Because some of these uses may be cancelled, it is important to identify where we stand now, where we need to be in the future, and what research efforts are needed to get us there. In order to better understand where future research efforts should lead, it is necessary first to identify areas of critical need (i.e., those crops that have few if any alternative control measures available).
To help USDA and EPA obtain this type of information, Crop Timelines are being developed. It is the intent that timelines provide current information on crop phenology, pest occurrence and human activities in the crop. This site is part of the effort by the USDA Integrated Pest Management Centers to provide information critical to pest management needs in the United States. All of the timelines listed here have been approved by EPA.
The descriptions and links to IPM elements have been provided by Dr. Tom Green and the IPM Institute of North America, Inc.
We are indebted to their efforts and unselfish sharing of IPM philosophy and information. A complete description of elements, guidelines and protocols for their development can be found in Guide to IPM Elements and Guidelines
written by Dr. Green and Dr. Curt Petzoldt of Cornell University. IPM Elements and Guidelines are concise lists of IPM and related practices. These are crop and region-specific, and very efficient resources for determining which practices are recommended by land-grant university scientists for your crop.